North Carolina Statutes

Chapter 160A Cities and Towns

Article 1 - Definitions and Statutory Construction.

  • § 160A-1   Application and meaning of terms
    Unless otherwise specifically provided, or unless otherwise clearly required by the context, the words and phrases defined in this section shall have the meaning indicated...
  • § 160A-2   Effect upon prior laws
    Nothing in this Chapter shall repeal or amend any city charter in effect as of January 1, 1972, or any portion thereof, unless this Chapter...
  • § 160A-3   General laws supplementary to charters
    (a) When a procedure that purports to prescribe all acts necessary for the performance or execution of any power, duty, function, privilege, or immunity is...
  • § 160A-4   Broad construction
    It is the policy of the General Assembly that the cities of this State should have adequate authority to execute the powers, duties, privileges, and...
  • § 160A-5   Statutory references deemed amended to conform to Chapter
    Whenever a reference is made in another portion of the General Statutes or any local act, or any city ordinance, resolution, or order, to a...

Article 1A - Municipal Board of Control.

Article 2 - General Corporate Powers.

  • § 160A-11   Corporate powers
    The inhabitants of each city heretofore or hereafter incorporated by act of the General Assembly or by the Municipal Board of Control shall be and...
  • § 160A-12   Exercise of corporate power
    All powers, functions, rights, privileges, and immunities of the corporation shall be exercised by the city council and carried into execution as provided by the...
  • § 160A-13 through 160A-15   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 3 - Contracts.

  • § 160A-16   Contracts to be in writing; exception
    All contracts made by or on behalf of a city shall be in writing. A contract made in violation of this section shall be void...
  • § 160A-17   Continuing contracts
    A city is authorized to enter into continuing contracts, some portion or all of which are to be performed in ensuing fiscal years. Sufficient funds...
  • § 160A-17.1   (Effective until December 31, 2010) Grants and loans from other governments
    (a) Federal and State. The governing body of any city or county is hereby authorized to make contracts for and to accept grants‑in‑aid and loans...
  • § 160A-18   Certain deeds validated
    (a) All deeds made, executed, and delivered by any city before July 1, 1970, for a good and valuable consideration are hereby in all respects...
  • § 160A-19   Leases
    A city is authorized to lease as lessee, with or without option to purchase, any real or personal property for any authorized public purpose. A...
  • § 160A-20   Security interests
    (a) Purchase. A unit of local government may purchase, or finance or refinance the purchase of, real or personal property by installment contracts that create...
  • § 160A-20.1   Contracts with private entities
    A city may contract with and appropriate money to any person, association, or corporation, in order to carry out any public purpose that the city...

Article 4 - Corporate Limits.

  • § 160A-21   Existing boundaries
    The boundaries of each city shall be those specified in its charter with any alterations that are made from time to time in the manner...
  • § 160A-22   Map of corporate limits
    The current city boundaries shall at all times be drawn on a map, or set out in a written description, or shown by a combination...
  • § 160A-23   District map; reapportionment
    (a) If the city is divided into electoral districts for the purpose of electing the members of the council, the map or description required by...
  • § 160A-23.1   Special rules for redistricting after 2000 census
    (a) As soon as possible after receipt of federal census information in 2001 the council of any city which elects the members of its governing...

Article 4A - Extension of Corporate Limits.

  • § 160A-24 through 160A-28   Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 636, s. 26
  • § 160A-29   Map of annexed area, copy of ordinance and election results recorded in the office of register of deeds
    Whenever the limits of any municipal corporation are enlarged, in accordance with the provisions of this Article, it shall be the duty of the mayor...
  • § 160A-30   Surveys of proposed new areas
    The governing bodies of the cities and towns after five days' written notice to the owner of record or persons in possession of the premises...
  • § 160A-31   Annexation by petition
    (a) The governing board of any municipality may annex by ordinance any area contiguous to its boundaries upon presentation to the governing board of a...
  • § 160A-31.1   Assumption of debt
    (a) If the city has annexed under this Part any area which is served by a rural fire department and which is in: (1) An...
  • § 160A-32   Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 636, s. 26.1, effective June 29, 1983
  • § 160A-33   Declaration of policy
    It is hereby declared as a matter of State policy: (1) That sound urban development is essential to the continued economic development of North Carolina;...
  • § 160A-34   Authority to annex
    The governing board of any municipality having a population of less than 5,000 persons according to the last federal decennial census may extend the corporate...
  • § 160A-35   Prerequisites to annexation; ability to serve; report and plans
    A municipality exercising authority under this Part shall make plans for the extension of services to the area proposed to be annexed and shall, prior...
  • § 160A-35.1   Limitation on change in financial participation prior to annexation
    For purposes of the extension of water and sewer services required under G.S. 160A‑35, no ordinance or policy substantially diminishing the financial participation of a...
  • § 160A-36   Character of area to be annexed
    (a) A municipal governing board may extend the municipal corporate limits to include any area which meets the general standards of subsection (b), and which...
  • § 160A-37   Procedure for annexation
    (a) Notice of Intent. Any municipal governing board desiring to annex territory under the provisions of this Part shall first pass a resolution stating the...
  • § 160A-37.1   Contract with rural fire department
    (a) If the area to be annexed described in a resolution of intent passed under G.S. 160A‑37(a) includes an area in an insurance district defined...
  • § 160A-37.2   Assumption of debt
    (a) If the city has annexed any area which is served by a rural fire department and which is in an insurance district defined under...
  • § 160A-37.3   Contract with private solid waste collection firm(s)
    (a) If the area to be annexed described in a resolution of intent passed under G.S. 160A‑37(a) includes an area where a firm (i) meets...
  • § 160A-38   Appeal
    (a) Within 60 days following the passage of an annexation ordinance under authority of this Part, any person owning property in the annexed territory who...
  • § 160A-39   Annexation recorded
    Whenever the limits of a municipality are enlarged in accordance with the provisions of this Part, it shall be the duty of the mayor of...
  • § 160A-40   Authorized expenditures
    Municipalities initiating annexations under the provisions of this Part are authorized to make expenditures for surveys required to describe the property under consideration or for...
  • § 160A-41   Definitions
    The following terms where used in this Part shall have the following meanings, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning: (1) "Contiguous area"...
  • § 160A-42   Land estimates
    In determining degree of land subdivision for purposes of meeting the requirements of G.S. 160A‑36, the municipality shall use methods calculated to provide reasonably accurate...
  • § 160A-43 through 160A-44   Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 636, s. 27, effective June 29, 1983
  • § 160A-45   Declaration of policy
    It is hereby declared as a matter of State policy: (1) That sound urban development is essential to the continued economic development of North Carolina;...
  • § 160A-46   Authority to annex
    The governing board of any municipality having a population of 5,000 or more persons according to the last federal decennial census may extend the corporate...
  • § 160A-47   Prerequisites to annexation; ability to serve; report and plans
    A municipality exercising authority under this Part shall make plans for the extension of services to the area proposed to be annexed and shall, prior...
  • § 160A-47.1   Limitation on change in financial participation prior to annexation
    For purposes of the extension of water and sewer services required under G.S. 160A‑47, no ordinance or policy substantially diminishing the financial participation of a...
  • § 160A-48   Character of area to be annexed
    (a) A municipal governing board may extend the municipal corporate limits to include any area (1) Which meets the general standards of subsection (b), and...
  • § 160A-49   Procedure for annexation
    (a) Notice of Intent. Any municipal governing board desiring to annex territory under the provisions of this Part shall first pass a resolution stating the...
  • § 160A-49.1   Contract with rural fire department
    (a) If the area to be annexed described in a resolution of intent passed under G.S. 160A‑49(a) includes an area in an insurance district defined...
  • § 160A-49.2   Assumption of debt
    (a) If the city has annexed any area which is served by a rural fire department and which is in an insurance district defined under...
  • § 160A-49.3   Contract with private solid waste collection firms
    (a) If the area to be annexed described in a resolution of intent passed under G.S. 160A‑49(a) includes an area where a firm (i) meets...
  • § 160A-50   Appeal
    (a) Within 60 days following the passage of an annexation ordinance under authority of this Part, any person owning property in the annexed territory who...
  • § 160A-51   Annexation recorded
    Whenever the limits of a municipality are enlarged in accordance with the provisions of this Part, it shall be the duty of the mayor of...
  • § 160A-52   Authorized expenditures
    Municipalities initiating annexations under the provisions of this Part are authorized to make expenditures for surveys required to describe the property under consideration or for...
  • § 160A-53   Definitions
    The following terms where used in this Part shall have the following meanings, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning: (1) "Contiguous area"...
  • § 160A-54   Population and land estimates
    In determining population and degree of land subdivision for purposes of meeting the requirements of G.S. 160A‑48, the municipality shall use methods calculated to provide...
  • § 160A-55 through 160A-56   Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 636, s. 27, effective June 29, 1983
  • § 160A-57   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-58   Definitions
    The words and phrases defined in this section have the meanings indicated when used in this Part unless the context clearly requires another meaning: (1)...
  • § 160A-58.1   Petition for annexation; standards
    (a) Upon receipt of a valid petition signed by all of the owners of real property in the area described therein, a city may annex...
  • § 160A-58.2   Public hearing
    Upon receipt of a petition for annexation under this Part, the city council shall cause the city clerk to investigate the petition, and to certify...
  • § 160A-58.2A   Assumption of debt
    (a) If the city has annexed under this Part any area which is served by a rural fire department and which is in: (1) An...
  • § 160A-58.3   Annexed area subject to city taxes and debts
    From and after the effective date of the annexation ordinance, the annexed area and its citizens and property are subject to all debts, laws, ordinances...
  • § 160A-58.4   Extraterritorial powers
    Satellite corporate limits shall not be considered a part of the city's corporate limits for the purposes of extraterritorial land‑use regulation pursuant to G.S. 160A‑360,...
  • § 160A-58.5   Special rates for water, sewer and other enterprises
    For the purposes of G.S. 160A‑314, provision of public enterprise services within satellite corporate limits shall be considered provision of service for special classes of...
  • § 160A-58.6   Transition from satellite to primary corporate limits
    An area annexed pursuant to this Part ceases to constitute satellite corporate limits and becomes a part of the primary corporate limits of a city...
  • § 160A-58.8   Recording and Reporting
    Annexations made under this part shall be recorded and reported in the same manner as under G.S. 160A‑29. (1987, c. 879, s. 4.)
  • § 160A-58.9   Effective date of certain annexation ordinances adopted from January 1, 1987, to August 3, 1987
    (a) In the case of any annexation ordinance adopted during the period beginning January 1, 1987, and ending on August 3, 1987, if the effective...
  • § 160A-58.9A   Effective date of certain annexation ordinances adopted under Article 4A of Chapter 160A
    (a) No annexation ordinance adopted under Article 4A of Chapter 160A of the General Statutes may become effective during the period beginning November 1, 1989,...
  • § 160A-58.10   Tax of newly annexed territory
    (a) Applicability of Section. Real and personal property in territory annexed pursuant to this Article is subject to municipal taxes as provided in this section....
  • § 160A-58.11 through 160A-58.20   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-58.21   Purpose
    It is the purpose of this Part to authorize cities to enter into binding agreements concerning future annexation in order to enhance orderly planning by...
  • § 160A-58.22   Definitions
    The words defined in this section shall have the meanings indicated when used in this Part: (1) "Agreement" means any written agreement authorized by this...
  • § 160A-58.23   Annexation agreements authorized
    Two or more cities may enter into agreements in order to designate one or more areas which are not subject to annexation by one or...
  • § 160A-58.24   Contents of agreements; procedure
    (a) The agreement shall: (1) State the duration of the agreement. (2) Describe clearly the area or areas subject to the agreement. The boundaries of...
  • § 160A-58.25   Effect of agreement
    From and after the effective date of an agreement, no participating city may adopt an annexation ordinance as to all or any portion of an...
  • § 160A-58.26   Part grants no annexation authority
    Nothing in this Part shall be construed to authorize the annexation of any area which is not otherwise subject to annexation under applicable law. (1989,...
  • § 160A-58.27   Relief
    (a) Each provision of an agreement shall be binding upon the respective parties. Not later than 30 days following the passage of an annexation ordinance...
  • § 160A-58.28   Effect on prior local acts
    This Part does not affect Chapter 953, Session Laws of 1983, Chapter 847, Session Laws of 1985 (1986 Regular Session), or Chapters 204, 233, or...

Article 5 - Form of Government.

  • § 160A-59   Qualifications for elective office
    All city officers elected by the people shall possess the qualifications set out in Article VI of the Constitution. In addition, when the city is...
  • § 160A-60   Qualifications for appointive office
    Residence within a city shall not be a qualification for or prerequisite to appointment to any city office not filled by election of the people,...
  • § 160A-61   Oath of office
    Every person elected by the people or appointed to any city office shall, before entering upon the duties of the office, take and subscribe the...
  • § 160A-62   Officers to hold over until successors qualified
    All city officers, whether elected or appointed, shall continue to hold office until their successors are chosen and qualified. This section shall not apply when...
  • § 160A-63   Vacancies
    A vacancy that occurs in an elective office of a city shall be filled by appointment of the city council. If the term of the...
  • § 160A-64   Compensation of mayor and council
    (a) The council may fix its own compensation and the compensation of the mayor and any other elected officers of the city by adoption of...
  • § 160A-66   Composition of council
    Unless otherwise provided by its charter, each city shall be governed by a mayor and a council of three members, who shall be elected from...
  • § 160A-67   General powers of mayor and council
    Except as otherwise provided by law, the government and general management of the city shall be vested in the council. The powers and duties of...
  • § 160A-68   Organizational meeting of council
    (a) The council may fix the date and time of its organizational meeting. The organizational meeting may be held at any time after the results...
  • § 160A-69   Mayor to preside over council
    The mayor shall preside at all council meetings, but shall have the right to vote only when there are equal numbers of votes in the...
  • § 160A-70   Mayor pro tempore; disability of mayor
    At the organizational meeting, the council shall elect from among its members a mayor pro tempore to serve at the pleasure of the council. A...
  • § 160A-71   Regular and special meetings; recessed and adjourned meetings; procedure
    (a) The council shall fix the time and place for its regular meetings. If no action has been taken fixing the time and place for...
  • § 160A-72   Minutes to be kept; ayes and noes
    Full and accurate minutes of the council proceedings shall be kept, and shall be open to the inspection of the public. The results of each...
  • § 160A-73   Repealed by Session Laws 1971, c. 896, s. 16
  • § 160A-74   Quorum
    A majority of the actual membership of the council plus the mayor, excluding vacant seats, shall constitute a quorum. A member who has withdrawn from...
  • § 160A-75   Voting
    No member shall be excused from voting except upon matters involving the consideration of the member's own financial interest or official conduct or on matters...
  • § 160A-76   Franchises; technical ordinances
    (a) No ordinance making a grant, renewal, extension, or amendment of any franchise shall be finally adopted until it has been passed at two regular...
  • § 160A-77   Code of ordinances
    (a) Not later than July 1, 1974, each city having a population of 5,000 or more shall adopt and issue a code of its ordinances....
  • § 160A-78   Ordinance book
    Effective January 1, 1972, each city shall file a true copy of each ordinance adopted on or after January 1, 1972, in an ordinance book...
  • § 160A-79   Pleading and proving city ordinances
    (a) In all civil and criminal cases a city ordinance that has been codified in a code of ordinances adopted and issued in compliance with...
  • § 160A-80   Power of investigation; subpoena power
    (a) The council shall have power to investigate the affairs of the city, and for that purpose may subpoena witnesses, administer oaths, and compel the...
  • § 160A-81   Conduct of public hearings
    Public hearings may be held at any place within the city or within the county in which the city is located. The council may adopt...
  • § 160A-81.1   Public comment period during regular meetings
    The council shall provide at least one period for public comment per month at a regular meeting of the council. The council may adopt reasonable...
  • § 160A-82   Applicability of Part
    Nothing in this Part, except G.S. 160A‑77, 160A‑78 and 160A‑ 79, shall be construed to repeal any portion of any city charter inconsistent with anything...
  • § 160A-83 through 160A-100   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-101   Optional forms
    Any city may change its name or alter its form of government by adopting any one or combination of the options prescribed by this section:...
  • § 160A-102   Amendment by ordinance
    By following the procedure set out in this section, the council may amend the city charter by ordinance to implement any of the optional forms...
  • § 160A-103   Referendum on charter amendments by ordinance
    An ordinance adopted under G.S. 160A‑102 that is not made effective upon approval by a vote of the people shall be subject to a referendum...
  • § 160A-104   Initiative petitions for charter amendments
    The people may initiate a referendum on proposed charter amendments. An initiative petition shall bear the signatures and resident addresses of a number of qualified...
  • § 160A-105   Submission of propositions to voters; form of ballot
    A proposition to approve an ordinance or petition shall be printed on the ballot in substantially the following form: "Shall the ordinance (describe the effect...
  • § 160A-106   Amendment of charter provisions dependent on form of government
    The authority conferred by this Article to amend charter provisions within the options set out in G.S. 160A‑101 also includes authority to amend other charter...
  • § 160A-107   Plan to continue for two years
    Charter amendments adopted as provided in this Article shall continue in force for at least two years after the beginning of the term of office...
  • § 160A-108   Municipal officers to carry out plan
    It shall be the duty of the mayor, the council, the city clerk, and other city officials in office, and all boards of election and...
  • § 160A-109   Effective date
    The council may submit new charter amendments proposed under this Article at any regular or special municipal election, or at a special election called for...
  • § 160A-110   Charters to remain in force
    The charter of any city that adopts a new form of government as provided in this Article shall continue in full force and effect notwithstanding...
  • § 160A-111   Filing certified true copies of charter amendments
    The city clerk shall file a certified true copy of any charter amendment adopted under this Part with the Secretary of State and the Legislative...
  • § 160A-112 through 160A-115   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 6 - Elections.

Article 7 - Administrative Offices.

  • § 160A-146   Council to organize city government
    The council may create, change, abolish, and consolidate offices, positions, departments, boards, commissions, and agencies of the city government and generally organize and reorganize the...
  • § 160A-147   Appointment of city manager; dual office holding
    (a) In cities whose charters provide for the council‑manager form of government, the council shall appoint a city manager to serve at its pleasure. The...
  • § 160A-148   Powers and duties of manager
    The manager shall be the chief administrator of the city. He shall be responsible to the council for administering all municipal affairs placed in his...
  • § 160A-149   Acting city manager
    By letter filed with the city clerk, the manager may designate, subject to the approval of the council, a qualified person to exercise the powers...
  • § 160A-150   Interim city manager
    When the position of city manager is vacant, the council shall designate a qualified person to exercise the powers and perform the duties of manager...
  • § 160A-151   Mayor and councilmen ineligible to serve or act as manager
    Neither the mayor nor any member of the council shall be eligible for appointment as manager or acting or interim manager. (1971, c. 698, s.
  • § 160A-152   Applicability of Part
    This Part shall apply only to those cities having the council‑manager form of government. If the powers and duties of a city manager set out...
  • § 160A-153 through 160A-154   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-155   Council to provide for administration in mayor-council cities
    The council shall appoint, suspend, and remove the heads of all city departments, and all other city employees; provided, the council may delegate to any...
  • § 160A-156   Acting department heads
    By letter filed with the city clerk, the head of any department may designate, subject to the approval of the council, a qualified person to...
  • § 160A-157   Interim department heads
    When the position of head of any department is vacant, the council may designate a qualified person to exercise the powers and perform the duties...
  • § 160A-158   Mayor and councilmen ineligible to serve or act as heads of departments
    Neither the mayor nor any member of the council shall be eligible for appointment as head of any city department or as acting or interim...
  • § 160A-159   Applicability of Part
    This Part shall apply only to those cities having the mayor‑council form of government. (1971, c. 698, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-160 through 160A-161   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-162   Compensation
    (a) The council shall fix or approve the schedule of pay, expense allowances, and other compensation of all city employees, and may adopt position classification...
  • § 160A-163   Retirement benefits
    (a) The council may provide for enrolling city employees in the Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System, the Law‑Enforcement Officers' Benefit and Relief Fund, the Firemen's...
  • § 160A-164   Personnel rules
    The council may adopt or provide for rules and regulations or ordinances concerning but not limited to annual leave, sick leave, special leave with full...
  • § 160A-164.1   Smallpox vaccination policy (see editor's note on condition precedent)
    All municipalities that employ firefighters, police officers, paramedics, or other first responders shall, not later than 90 days after this section becomes law, enact a...
  • § 160A-164.2   Criminal history record check of employees permitted
    The council may adopt or provide for rules and regulations or ordinances concerning a requirement that any applicant for employment be subject to a criminal...
  • § 160A-165   Personnel board
    The council may establish a personnel board with authority to administer tests designed to determine the merit and fitness of candidates for appointment or promotion,...
  • § 160A-166   Participation in Social Security Act
    The council may take any action necessary to allow city employees to participate fully in benefits provided by the federal Social Security Act. (1949, c....
  • § 160A-167   Defense of employees and officers; payment of judgments
    (a) Upon request made by or in behalf of any member or former member of the governing body of any authority, or any city, county,...
  • § 160A-168   Privacy of employee personnel records
    (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of G.S. 132‑6 or any other general law or local act concerning access to public records, personnel files of employees, former...
  • § 160A-169   City employee political activity
    (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to ensure that city employees are not subjected to political or partisan coercion while performing their job...
  • § 160A-170   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-171   City clerk; duties
    There shall be a city clerk who shall give notice of meetings of the council, keep a journal of the proceedings of the council, be...
  • § 160A-172   Deputy clerk
    The council may provide for a deputy city clerk who shall have full authority to exercise and perform any of the powers and duties of...
  • § 160A-173   City attorney; appointment and duties
    The council shall appoint a city attorney to serve at its pleasure and to be its legal adviser. (1971, c. 698, s. 1.)

Article 8 - Delegation and Exercise of the General Police Power.

Article 9 - Taxation.

  • § 160A-206   General power to impose taxes
    A city shall have power to impose taxes only as specifically authorized by act of the General Assembly. Except when the statute authorizing a tax...
  • § 160A-207   Remedies for collecting taxes
    In addition to any other remedies provided by law, the remedies of levy, garnishment, and attachment shall be available for collecting any city tax under...
  • § 160A-208   Continuing taxes
    Except for taxes levied on property under the Machinery Act, a city may impose an authorized tax by a permanent ordinance that shall stand from...
  • § 160A-208.1   Disclosure of certain information prohibited
    (a) Disclosure Prohibited. Notwithstanding Chapter 132 of the General Statutes or any other law regarding access to public records, local tax records that contain information...
  • § 160A-209   Property taxes
    (a) Pursuant to Article V, Sec. 2(5) of the Constitution of North Carolina, the General Assembly confers upon each city in this State the power...
  • § 160A-210   Repealed by Session Laws 1979, 2nd Session, c. 1247, s. 22
  • § 160A-211   Privilege license taxes
    (a) Authority. Except as otherwise provided by law, a city shall have power to levy privilege license taxes on all trades, occupations, professions, businesses, and...
  • § 160A-211.1   Privilege license tax on low-level radioactive and hazardous waste facilities
    (a) Cities in which hazardous waste facilities as defined in G.S. 130A‑290 or low‑level radioactive waste facilities as defined in G.S. 104E‑5(9b) are located may...
  • § 160A-212   Animal taxes
    A city shall have power to levy an annual license tax on the privilege of keeping any domestic animal, including dogs and cats, within the...
  • § 160A-213   Motor vehicle taxes
    (a) A city may impose an annual license tax on motor vehicles as permitted by G.S. 20‑97. (b) By ordinance a city may provide that...
  • § 160A-214   Repealed by Session Laws 2006-151, s. 13, effective January 1, 2007
  • § 160A-214.1   Uniform penalties for local meals taxes
    (a) Penalties. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the civil and criminal penalties that apply to State sales and use taxes under Chapter 105 of...
  • § 160A-215   Uniform provisions for room occupancy taxes
    (a) Scope. This section applies only to municipalities the General Assembly has authorized to levy room occupancy taxes. For the purpose of this section, the...
  • § 160A-215.1   Gross receipts tax on short-term leases or rentals
    (a) As a substitute for and in replacement of the ad valorem tax, which is excluded by G.S. 105‑275(42), a city may levy a gross...

Article 10 - Special Assessments.

Article 11 - Eminent Domain.

Article 12 - Sale and Disposition of Property.

  • § 160A-265   Use and disposal of property
    In the discretion of the council, a city may: (i) hold, use, change the use thereof to other uses, or (ii) sell or dispose of...
  • § 160A-266   Methods of sale; limitation
    (a) Subject to the limitations prescribed in subsection (b) of this section, and according to the procedures prescribed in this Article, a city may dispose...
  • § 160A-267   Private sale
    When the council proposes to dispose of property by private sale, it shall at a regular council meeting adopt a resolution or order authorizing an...
  • § 160A-268   Advertisement for sealed bids
    The sale of property by advertisement for sealed bids shall be done in the manner prescribed by law for the purchase of property, except that...
  • § 160A-269   Negotiated offer, advertisement, and upset bids
    A city may receive, solicit, or negotiate an offer to purchase property and advertise it for upset bids. When an offer is made and the...
  • § 160A-270   Public auction
    (a) Real Property. When it is proposed to sell real property at public auction, the council shall first adopt a resolution authorizing the sale, describing...
  • § 160A-271   Exchange of property
    A city may exchange any real or personal property belonging to the city for other real or personal property by private negotiation if the city...
  • § 160A-272   Lease or rental of property
    Any property owned by a city may be leased or rented for such terms and upon such conditions as the council may determine, but not...
  • § 160A-272.1   Lease of utility or enterprise property
    Subject to G.S. 160A‑321, a city‑owned utility or public service enterprise, or part thereof, may be leased. (1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1247, s. 27.)
  • § 160A-273   Grant of easements
    A city shall have authority to grant easements over, through, under, or across any city property or the right‑of‑way of any public street or alley...
  • § 160A-274   Sale, lease, exchange and joint use of governmental property
    (a) For the purposes of this section, "governmental unit" means a city, county, school administrative unit, sanitary district, fire district, the State, or any other...
  • § 160A-275   Warranty deeds
    Any city, county, or other municipal corporation is authorized to execute and deliver deeds to any real property with full covenants of warranty, without regard...
  • § 160A-276   Sale of stocks, bonds, and other securities
    A city may sell through a broker without complying with the preceding sections of this Article shares of common and preferred stock, bonds, options, and...
  • § 160A-277   Sale of land to volunteer fire departments and rescue squads; procedure
    (a) A city, upon such terms and conditions as it deems wise, with or without monetary consideration may lease, sell or convey to a volunteer...
  • § 160A-278   Lease of land for housing
      A city may lease land upon such terms and conditions as it deems wise to any person, firm or corporation who will use the...
  • § 160A-279   Sale of property to entities carrying out a public purpose; procedure
    (a) Whenever a city or county is authorized to appropriate funds to any public or private entity which carries out a public purpose, the city...
  • § 160A-280   Donations of personal property to other governmental units
    (a) A city may donate to a another governmental unit within the United States, a sister city, or a nonprofit organization incorporated by (i) the...

Article 13 - Law Enforcement.

  • § 160A-281   Policemen appointed
    A city is authorized to appoint a chief of police and to employ other police officers who may reside outside the corporate limits of the...
  • § 160A-282   Auxiliary law-enforcement personnel; workers' compensation benefits
    (a) A city may by ordinance provide for the organization of an auxiliary police department made up of volunteer members. (b) A city, by enactment...
  • § 160A-283   Joint county and city auxiliary police
    The governing body of any city, town, or county is hereby authorized to create and establish a joint law‑enforcement officers' auxiliary force with one or...
  • § 160A-284   Oath of office; holding other offices
    Each person appointed or employed as chief of police, policeman, or auxiliary policeman shall take and subscribe before some person authorized by law to administer...
  • § 160A-285   Powers and duties of policemen
    As a peace officer, a policeman shall have within the corporate limits of the city all of the powers invested in law‑enforcement officers by statute...
  • § 160A-286   Extraterritorial jurisdiction of policemen
    In addition to their authority within the corporate limits, city policemen shall have all the powers invested in law‑enforcement officers by statute or common law...
  • § 160A-287   City lockups
    A city shall have authority to establish, erect, repair, maintain and operate a lockup for the temporary detention of prisoners pending their transferal to the...
  • § 160A-288   Cooperation between law-enforcement agencies
    (a) In accordance with rules, policies, or guidelines officially adopted by the governing body of the city or county by which he is employed, and...
  • § 160A-288.1   Assistance by State law-enforcement officers; rules; cost
    (a) The governing body of any city or county may request the Governor to assign temporarily State law‑enforcement officers with statewide authority to provide law‑enforcement...
  • § 160A-288.2   Assistance to State law-enforcement agencies
    (a) In accordance with rules, policies, or guidelines officially adopted by the governing body of the city or county by which he is employed, and...
  • § 160A-289   Training and development programs for law enforcement
    A city shall have authority to plan and execute training and development programs for law‑enforcement agencies, and for that purpose may (1) Contract with other...
  • § 160A-289.1   Resources to protect the public
    Subject to the requirements of G.S. 7A‑41, 7A‑44.1, 7A‑64, 7A‑102, 7A‑133, and 7A‑498.7, a city may appropriate funds under contract with the State for the...
  • § 160A-289.2   Neighborhood crime watch programs
    A city may establish neighborhood crime watch programs within the city to encourage residents and business owners to promote citizen involvement in securing homes, businesses,...
  • § 160A-290   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 14 - Fire Protection.

  • § 160A-291   Firemen appointed
    A city is authorized to appoint a fire chief; to employ other firemen; to establish, organize, equip, and maintain a fire department; and to prescribe...
  • § 160A-292   Duties of fire chief
    Where not otherwise prescribed, the duties of the fire chief shall be to preserve and care for fire apparatus, have charge of fighting and extinguishing...
  • § 160A-293   Fire protection outside city limits; immunity; injury to firemen
    (a) A city may install and maintain water mains, pipes, hydrants, buildings and equipment outside its corporate limits and may send its firemen and equipment...
  • § 160A-294   Loss of rural fire employment
    (a) Whenever a city annexes any territory under Parts 2 or 3 of Article 4A of this Chapter, and because of the annexation the rural...
  • § 160A-294.1   Honoring deceased or retiring firefighters
    A fire department established by a municipality pursuant to this Article may, in the discretion of the governing body of the municipality, award to a...
  • § 160A-295   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 15 - Streets, Traffic and Parking.

Article 16 - Public Enterprises.

Article 17 - Cemeteries.

  • § 160A-341   Authority to establish and operate cemeteries
    A city shall have authority to establish, operate, and maintain cemeteries either inside or outside its corporate limits, may acquire and hold real and personal...
  • § 160A-342   Authority to transfer cemeteries
    A city may transfer and convey any city cemetery property, together with any accumulated perpetual care trust funds set aside for the maintenance of the...
  • § 160A-343   Authority to abandon cemeteries
    A city shall have authority to abandon any cemetery that has not been used for interment purposes within 10 years. Upon abandonment, all monuments, tombstones,...
  • § 160A-344   Authority to assume control of abandoned cemeteries
    (a) Whenever property not under the control or in the possession of any church or religious organization in any city has been heretofore set aside...
  • § 160A-345   Authority to condemn cemeteries
    A city shall have authority to acquire title in fee simple by purchase or exercise of the power of eminent domain to any cemetery, graveyard,...
  • § 160A-346   Authority to condemn easements for perpetual care
    A city shall have authority to acquire an easement for perpetual care by gift, grant, purchase, or exercise of the power of eminent domain in...
  • § 160A-347   Perpetual care trust funds
    (a) A city is authorized to create a perpetual care trust fund for any cemeteries under its ownership or control, to accept gifts, grants, bequests,...
  • § 160A-348   Regulation of city cemeteries
    A city may by ordinance adopt rules and regulations concerning the opening of graves, the erection of tombstones and monuments, the building of walls and...
  • § 160A-349   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 17A - Cemetery Trustees.

Article 18 - Parks and Recreation.

  • § 160A-350   Short title
    This Article shall be known and may be cited as the "Recreation Enabling Law." (1945, c. 1052; 1971, c. 698, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-351   Declaration of State policy
    The lack of adequate recreational programs and facilities is a menace to the morals, happiness, and welfare of the people of this State. Making available...
  • § 160A-352   Recreation defined
    "Recreation" means activities that are diversionary in character and aid in promoting entertainment, pleasure, relaxation, instruction, and other physical, mental, and cultural development and leisure...
  • § 160A-353   Powers
    In addition to any other powers it may possess to provide for the general welfare of its citizens, each county and city in this State...
  • § 160A-354   Administration of parks and recreation programs
    A city or county may operate a parks and recreation system as a line department, or it may create a parks and recreation commission and...
  • § 160A-355   Joint parks and recreation systems
    Any two or more units of local government may cooperate in establishing parks and recreation systems as authorized in Article 20, Part 1, of this...
  • § 160A-356   Financing parks and recreation
    Each county and city is authorized to expend for its parks and recreation system any of its revenues not otherwise limited as to use by...
  • § 160A-357   Repealed by Session Laws 1975, c. 664, s. 13
  • § 160A-358   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-359   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 19 - Planning and Regulation of Development.

  • § 160A-360   Territorial jurisdiction
    (a) All of the powers granted by this Article may be exercised by any city within its corporate limits. In addition, any city may exercise...
  • § 160A-361   Planning boards
    (a) Any city may by ordinance create or designate one or more boards or commissions to perform the following duties: (1) Make studies of the...
  • § 160A-362   Extraterritorial representation
    When a city elects to exercise extraterritorial zoning or subdivision‑regulation powers under G.S. 160A‑360, it shall in the ordinance creating or designating its planning board...
  • § 160A-363   Supplemental powers
    (a) A city or its designated planning board may accept, receive, and disburse in furtherance of its functions any funds, grants, and services made available...
  • § 160A-364   Procedure for adopting, amending, or repealing ordinances under Article
    (a) Before adopting, amending, or repealing any ordinance authorized by this Article, the city council shall hold a public hearing on it. A notice of...
  • § 160A-364.1   Statute of limitations
    A cause of action as to the validity of any zoning ordinance, or amendment thereto, adopted under this Article or other applicable law shall accrue...
  • § 160A-365   Enforcement of ordinances
    Subject to the provisions of the ordinance, any ordinance adopted pursuant to authority conferred by this Article may be enforced by any remedy provided by...
  • § 160A-366   Validation of ordinance
    Any city ordinance regularly adopted before January 1, 1972, under authority of general laws revised and reenacted in Chapter 160A, Article 19, or under authority...
  • § 160A-367 through 160A-370   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-371   Subdivision regulation
    A city may by ordinance regulate the subdivision of land within its territorial jurisdiction. In addition to final plat approval, the ordinance may include provisions...
  • § 160A-372   Contents and requirements of ordinance
    (a) A subdivision control ordinance may provide for the orderly growth and development of the city; for the coordination of transportation networks and utilities within...
  • § 160A-373   Ordinance to contain procedure for plat approval; approval prerequisite to plat recordation; statement by owner
    Any subdivision ordinance adopted pursuant to this Part shall contain provisions setting forth the procedures to be followed in granting or denying approval of a...
  • § 160A-374   Effect of plat approval on dedications
    The approval of a plat shall not be deemed to constitute or effect the acceptance by the city or public of the dedication of any...
  • § 160A-375   Penalties for transferring lots in unapproved subdivisions
    (a) If a city adopts an ordinance regulating the subdivision of land as authorized herein, any person who, being the owner or agent of the...
  • § 160A-376   Definition
    (a) For the purpose of this Part, "subdivision" means all divisions of a tract or parcel of land into two or more lots, building sites,...
  • § 160A-377 through 160A-380   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-381   Grant of power
    (a) For the purpose of promoting health, safety, morals, or the general welfare of the community, any city may adopt zoning and development regulation ordinances....
  • § 160A-382   Districts
    (a) For any or all these purposes, the city may divide its territorial jurisdiction into districts of any number, shape, and area that may be...
  • § 160A-383   Purposes in view
    Zoning regulations shall be made in accordance with a comprehensive plan. When adopting or rejecting any zoning amendment, the governing board shall also approve a...
  • § 160A-383.1   Zoning regulations for manufactured homes
    (a) The General Assembly finds and declares that manufactured housing offers affordable housing opportunities for low and moderate income residents of this State who could...
  • § 160A-383.2   Voluntary agricultural districts
    A city may amend the ordinances applicable within its planning jurisdiction to provide flexibility to farming operations that are located within a city or county...
  • § 160A-383.3   Reasonable accommodation of amateur radio antennas
    A city ordinance based on health, safety, or aesthetic considerations that regulates the placement, screening, or height of the antennas or support structures of amateur...
  • § 160A-384   Method of procedure
    (a) The city council shall provide for the manner in which zoning regulations and restrictions and the boundaries of zoning districts shall be determined, established...
  • § 160A-385   Changes
    (a) Qualified Protests. (1) Zoning ordinances may from time to time be amended, supplemented, changed, modified or repealed. In case, however, of a qualified protest...
  • § 160A-385.1   Vested rights
    (a) The General Assembly finds and declares that it is necessary and desirable, as a matter of public policy, to provide for the establishment of...
  • § 160A-386   Protest petition; form; requirements; time for filing
    No protest against any change in or amendment to a zoning ordinance or zoning map shall be valid or effective for the purposes of G.S....
  • § 160A-387   Planning board; zoning plan; certification to city council
    In order to initially exercise the powers conferred by this Part, a city council shall create or designate a planning board under the provisions of...
  • § 160A-388   Board of adjustment
    (a) The city council may provide for the appointment and compensation of a board of adjustment consisting of five or more members, each to be...
  • § 160A-389   Remedies
    If a building or structure is erected, constructed, reconstructed, altered, repaired, converted, or maintained, or any building, structure or land is used in violation of...
  • § 160A-390   Conflict with other laws
    When regulations made under authority of this Part require a greater width or size of yards or courts, or require a lower height of a...
  • § 160A-391   Other statutes not repealed
    This Part shall not repeal any zoning act or city planning act, local or general, now in force, except those that are repugnant to or...
  • § 160A-392   Part applicable to buildings constructed by State and its subdivisions; exception
    All of the provisions of this Part are hereby made applicable to the erection, construction, and use of buildings by the State of North Carolina...
  • § 160A-393 through 160A-394   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-395 through 160A-399   Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 706, s. 1
  • § 160A-399.1 through 160A-400   Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 706
  • § 160A-400.1   Legislative findings
    The historical heritage of our State is one of our most valued and important assets. The conservation and preservation of historic districts and landmarks stabilize...
  • § 160A-400.2   Exercise of powers by counties as well as cities
    The term "municipality" or "municipal" as used in G.S. 160A‑400.1 through 160A‑400.14 shall be deemed to include the governing board or legislative board of a...
  • § 160A-400.3   Character of historic district defined
    Historic districts established pursuant to this Part shall consist of areas which are deemed to be of special significance in terms of their history, prehistory,...
  • § 160A-400.4   Designation of historic districts
    Any municipal governing board may, as part of a zoning or other ordinance enacted or amended pursuant to this Article, designate and from time to...
  • § 160A-400.5   Designation of landmarks; adoption of an ordinance; criteria for designation
    Upon complying with G.S. 160A‑400.6, the governing board may adopt and from time to time amend or repeal an ordinance designating one or more historic...
  • § 160A-400.6   Required landmark designation procedures
    As a guide for the identification and evaluation of landmarks, the commission shall undertake, at the earliest possible time and consistent with the resources available...
  • § 160A-400.7   Historic Preservation Commission
    Before it may designate one or more landmarks or historic districts, a municipality shall establish or designate a historic preservation commission. The municipal governing board...
  • § 160A-400.8   Powers of the Historic Preservation Commission
    A preservation commission established pursuant to this Part may, within the zoning jurisdiction of the municipality: (1) Undertake an inventory of properties of historical, prehistorical,...
  • § 160A-400.9   Certificate of appropriateness required
    (a) From and after the designation of a landmark or a historic district, no exterior portion of any building or other structure (including masonry walls,...
  • § 160A-400.10   Conflict with other laws
    Whenever any ordinance adopted pursuant to this Part requires a longer waiting period or imposes other higher standards with respect to a designated historic landmark...
  • § 160A-400.11   Remedies
    In case any building, structure, site, area or object designated as a historic landmark or located within a historic district designated pursuant to this Part...
  • § 160A-400.12   Appropriations
    A city or county governing board is authorized to make appropriations to a historic preservation commission established pursuant to this Part in any amount that...
  • § 160A-400.13   Certain changes not prohibited
    Nothing in this Part shall be construed to prevent the ordinary maintenance or repair of any exterior architectural feature in a historic district or of...
  • § 160A-400.14   Delay in demolition of landmarks and buildings within historic district
    (a) An application for a certificate of appropriateness authorizing the relocation, demolition or destruction of a designated landmark or a building, structure or site within...
  • § 160A-400.15   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-400.16   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-400.17   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-400.18   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-400.19   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-400.20   Authorization for development agreements
    (a) The General Assembly finds: (1) Large‑scale development projects often occur in multiple phases extending over a period of years, requiring a long‑term commitment of...
  • § 160A-400.21   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Part: (1) Comprehensive plan. The comprehensive plan, land‑use plan, small area plans, neighborhood plans, transportation plan, capital improvement plan,...
  • § 160A-400.22   Local governments authorized to enter into development agreements; approval of governing body required
    A local government may establish procedures and requirements, as provided in this Part, to consider and enter into development agreements with developers. A development agreement...
  • § 160A-400.23   Developed property must contain certain number of acres; permissible durations of agreements
    A local government may enter into a development agreement with a developer for the development of property as provided in this Part, provided the property...
  • § 160A-400.24   Public hearing
    Before entering into a development agreement, a local government shall conduct a public hearing on the proposed agreement following the procedures set forth in G.S. 160A‑364...
  • § 160A-400.25   What development agreement must provide; what it may provide; major modification requires public notice and hearing
    (a) A development agreement shall at a minimum include all of the following: (1) A legal description of the property subject to the agreement and...
  • § 160A-400.26   Law in effect at time of agreement governs development; exceptions
    (a) Unless the development agreement specifically provides for the application of subsequently enacted laws, the laws applicable to development of the property subject to a...
  • § 160A-400.27   Periodic review to assess compliance with agreement; material breach by developer; notice of breach; cure of breach or modification or termination of agreement
    (a) Procedures established pursuant to G.S. 160A‑400.22 must include a provision for requiring periodic review by the zoning administrator or other appropriate officer of the...
  • § 160A-400.28   Amendment or cancellation of development agreement by mutual consent of parties or successors in interest
    A development agreement may be amended or canceled by mutual consent of the parties to the agreement or by their successors in interest. (2005‑426, s.
  • § 160A-400.29   Validity and duration of agreement entered into prior to change of jurisdiction; subsequent modification or suspension
    (a) Except as otherwise provided by this Part, any development agreement entered into by a local government before the effective date of a change of...
  • § 160A-400.30   Developer to record agreement within 14 days; burdens and benefits inure to successors in interest
    Within 14 days after a local government enters into a development agreement, the developer shall record the agreement with the register of deeds in the...
  • § 160A-400.31   Applicability to local government of constitutional and statutory procedures for approval of debt
    In the event that any of the obligations of the local government in the development agreement constitute debt, the local government shall comply, at the...
  • § 160A-400.32   Relationship of agreement to building or housing code
    A development agreement adopted pursuant to this Chapter shall not exempt the property owner or developer from compliance with the State Building Code or State...
  • § 160A-400.50   Purpose and compliance with federal law
    (a) The purpose of this section is to ensure the safe and efficient integration of facilities necessary for the provision of advanced wireless telecommunications services...
  • § 160A-400.51   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Part. (1) Antenna. Communications equipment that transmits and receives electromagnetic radio signals used in the provision of all types...
  • § 160A-400.52   Construction of wireless facilities and wireless support structures
    (a) A city may plan for and regulate the siting or modification of wireless support structures and wireless facilities in accordance with land development regulations...
  • § 160A-400.53   Collocation of wireless facilities
    (a) Applications for collocation entitled to streamlined processing under this section shall be reviewed for conformance with applicable site plan and building permit requirements but...
  • § 160A-401   Legislative intent
    It is the intent of the General Assembly in enacting this Part to provide a means whereby any county or city may acquire, by purchase,...
  • § 160A-402   Finding of necessity
    The General Assembly finds that the rapid growth and spread of urban development in the State is encroaching upon, or eliminating, many open areas and...
  • § 160A-403   Counties or cities authorized to acquire and reconvey real property
    Any county or city in the State may acquire by purchase, gift, grant, bequest, devise, lease, or otherwise, the fee or any lesser interest, development...
  • § 160A-404   Joint action by governing bodies
    Any county or city may enter into any agreement with any other county or city for the purpose of jointly exercising the authority granted by...
  • § 160A-405   Powers of governing bodies
    Any county or city, in order to exercise the authority granted by this Part, may: (1) Enter into and carry out contracts with the State...
  • § 160A-406   Appropriations authorized
    For the purposes set forth in this Part, a county or city may appropriate funds not otherwise limited as to use by law. (1963, c....
  • § 160A-407   Definitions
    (a) For the purpose of this Part an "open space" or "open area" is any space or area (i) characterized by great natural scenic beauty...
  • § 160A-408 through 160A-410   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-411   Inspection department
    Every city in the State is hereby authorized to create an inspection department, and may appoint one or more inspectors who may be given the...
  • § 160A-411.1   Qualifications of inspectors
    On and after the applicable date set forth in the schedule in G.S. 160A‑411, no city shall employ an inspector to enforce the State Building...
  • § 160A-412   Duties and responsibilities
    The duties and responsibilities of an inspection department and of the inspectors therein shall be to enforce within their territorial jurisdiction State and local laws...
  • § 160A-413   Joint inspection department; other arrangements
    A city council may enter into and carry out contracts with another city, county, or combination thereof under which the parties agree to create and...
  • § 160A-414   Financial support
    The city council may appropriate for the support of the inspection department any funds that it deems necessary. It may provide for paying inspectors fixed...
  • § 160A-415   Conflicts of interest
    No member of an inspection department shall be financially interested or employed by a business that is financially interested in the furnishing of labor, material,...
  • § 160A-416   Failure to perform duties
    If any member of an inspection department shall willfully fail to perform the duties required of him by law, or willfully shall improperly issue a...
  • § 160A-417   Permits
    (a) No person shall commence or proceed with: (1) The construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair, movement to another site, removal, or demolition of any building or...
  • § 160A-418   Time limitations on validity of permits
    A permit issued pursuant to G.S. 160A‑417 shall expire by limitation six months, or any lesser time fixed by ordinance of the city council, after...
  • § 160A-419   Changes in work
    After a permit has been issued, no changes or deviations from the terms of the application, plans and specifications, or the permit, except where changes...
  • § 160A-420   Inspections of work in progress
    As the work pursuant to a permit progresses, local inspectors shall make as many inspections thereof as may be necessary to satisfy them that the...
  • § 160A-421   Stop orders
    (a) Whenever any building or structure or part thereof is being demolished, constructed, reconstructed, altered, or repaired in a hazardous manner, or in substantial violation...
  • § 160A-422   Revocation of permits
    The appropriate inspector may revoke and require the return of any permit by notifying the permit holder in writing stating the reason for the revocation....
  • § 160A-423   Certificates of compliance
    At the conclusion of all work done under a permit, the appropriate inspector shall make a final inspection, and if he finds that the completed...
  • § 160A-424   Periodic inspections
    The inspection department shall make periodic inspections, subject to the council's directions, for unsafe, unsanitary, or otherwise hazardous and unlawful conditions in structures within its...
  • § 160A-425   Defects in buildings to be corrected
    When a local inspector finds any defects in a building, or finds that the building has not been constructed in accordance with the applicable State...
  • § 160A-425.1   Unsafe buildings condemned in certain localities
    (a) Residential Building and Nonresidential Building or Structure. Every building that shall appear to the inspector to be especially dangerous to life because of its...
  • § 160A-426   Unsafe buildings condemned in other localities
    (a) Residential Building and Nonresidential Building or Structure. Every building that shall appear to the inspector to be especially dangerous to life because of its...
  • § 160A-427   Removing notice from condemned building
    If any person shall remove any notice that has been affixed to any building or structure by a local inspector of any municipality and that...
  • § 160A-428   Action in event of failure to take corrective action
    If the owner of a building or structure that has been condemned as unsafe pursuant to G.S. 160A‑425.1 or G.S. 160A‑426 shall fail to take...
  • § 160A-429   Order to take corrective action
    If, upon a hearing held pursuant to the notice prescribed in G.S. 160A‑428, the inspector shall find that the building or structure is in a...
  • § 160A-430   Appeal; finality of order if not appealed
    Any owner who has received an order under G.S. 160A‑429 may appeal from the order to the city council by giving notice of appeal in...
  • § 160A-431   Failure to comply with order
    If the owner of a building or structure fails to comply with an order issued pursuant to G.S. 160A‑429 from which no appeal has been...
  • § 160A-432   Enforcement
    (a) [Action Authorized.] Whenever any violation is denominated a misdemeanor under the provisions of this Part, the city, either in addition to or in lieu...
  • § 160A-433   Records and reports
    The inspection department shall keep complete and accurate records in convenient form of all applications received, permits issued, inspections and reinspections made, defects found, certificates...
  • § 160A-434   Appeals in general
    Unless otherwise provided by law, appeals from any order, decision, or determination by a member of a local inspection department pertaining to the State Building...
  • § 160A-435   Establishment of fire limits
    The city council of every incorporated city shall pass one or more ordinances establishing and defining fire limits, which shall include the principal business portions...
  • § 160A-436   Restrictions within primary fire limits
    Within the primary fire limits of any city, as established and defined by ordinance, no frame or wooden building or structure or addition thereto shall...
  • § 160A-437   Restriction within secondary fire limits
    Within any secondary fire limits of any city or town, as established and defined by ordinance, no frame or wooden building or structure or addition...
  • § 160A-438   Failure to establish primary fire limits
    If the council of any city shall fail or refuse to establish and define the primary fire limits of the city as required by law,...
  • § 160A-439   Ordinance authorized as to repair, closing, and demolition of nonresidential buildings or structures; order of public officer
    (a) Authority. The governing body of the city may adopt and enforce ordinances relating to nonresidential buildings or structures that fail to meet minimum standards...
  • § 160A-441   Exercise of police power authorized
    It is hereby found and declared that the existence and occupation of dwellings in this State that are unfit for human habitation are inimical to...
  • § 160A-442   Definitions
    The following terms shall have the meanings whenever used or referred to as indicated when used in this Part unless a different meaning clearly appears...
  • § 160A-443   Ordinance authorized as to repair, closing, and demolition; order of public officer
    Upon the adoption of an ordinance finding that dwelling conditions of the character described in G.S. 160A‑441 exist within a city, the governing body of...
  • § 160A-443.1   Heat source required
    (a) A city shall, by ordinance, require that by January 1, 2000, every dwelling unit leased as rental property within the city shall have, at...
  • § 160A-444   Standards
    An ordinance adopted by a city under this Part shall provide that the public officer may determine that a dwelling is unfit for human habitation...
  • § 160A-445   Service of complaints and orders
    (a) Complaints or orders issued by a public officer pursuant to an ordinance adopted under this Part shall be served upon persons either personally or...
  • § 160A-446   Remedies
    (a) The governing body may provide for the creation and organization of a housing appeals board to which appeals may be taken from any decision...
  • § 160A-447   Compensation to owners of condemned property
    Nothing in this Part shall be construed as preventing the owner or owners of any property from receiving just compensation for the taking of property...
  • § 160A-448   Additional powers of public officer
    An ordinance adopted by the governing body of the city may authorize the public officer to exercise any powers necessary or convenient to carry out...
  • § 160A-449   Administration of ordinance
    The governing body of any city adopting an ordinance under this Part shall, as soon as possible thereafter, prepare an estimate of the annual expenses...
  • § 160A-450   Supplemental nature of Part
    Nothing in this Part shall be construed to abrogate or impair the powers of the courts or of any department of any city to enforce...
  • § 160A-451   Membership and appointment of commission; joint commission
    Each municipality and county in the State may create a special commission, to be known as the official appearance commission for the city or county....
  • § 160A-452   Powers and duties of commission
    The commission, upon its appointment, shall make careful study of the visual problems and needs of the municipality or county within its area of zoning...
  • § 160A-453   Staff services; advisory council
    The commission may recommend to the municipal or county governing board suitable arrangements for the procurement or provision of staff or technical services for the...
  • § 160A-454   Annual report
    The commission shall, no later than April 15 of each year, submit to the municipal or county governing body a written report of its activities,...
  • § 160A-455   Receipt and expenditure of funds
    The commission may receive contributions from private agencies, foundations, organizations, individuals, the State or federal government, or any other source, in addition to any sums...
  • § 160A-456   Community development programs and activities
    (a) Any city is authorized to engage in, to accept federal and State grants and loans for, and to appropriate and expend funds for community...
  • § 160A-457   Acquisition and disposition of property for redevelopment
    In addition to the powers granted by G.S. 160A‑456, any city is authorized, either as a part of a community development program or independently thereof,...
  • § 160A-457.1   Urban Development Action Grants
    In addition to the powers granted by G.S. 160A‑456 and G.S. 160A‑457, any city is authorized, either as a part of a community development program...
  • § 160A-457.2   Urban homesteading programs
    A city may establish a program of urban homesteading, in which residential property of little or no value is conveyed to persons who agree to...
  • § 160A-458   Erosion and sedimentation control
    Any city may enact and enforce erosion and sedimentation control ordinances as authorized by Article 4 of Chapter 113A of the General Statutes, and in...
  • § 160A-458.1   Floodway regulations
    Any city may enact and enforce floodway regulation ordinances as authorized by Part 6 of Article 21 of Chapter 143 of the General Statutes, and...
  • § 160A-458.2   Mountain ridge protection
    Cities may enact and enforce mountain ridge protection ordinances pursuant to Article 14 of Chapter 113A of the General Statutes, and in such enactment and...
  • § 160A-458.3   Downtown development projects
    (a) In this section, "downtown development project" means a capital project in the city's central business district, as that district is defined by the city...
  • § 160A-458.4   Designation of transportation corridor official maps
    Any city may establish transportation corridor official maps and may enact and enforce ordinances pursuant to Article 2E of Chapter 136 of the General Statutes....
  • § 160A-458.5   Restriction of certain forestry activities prohibited
    (a) The following definitions apply to this section: (1) Development. Any activity, including timber harvesting, that is associated with the conversion of forestland to nonforest...
  • § 160A-459   Stormwater control
    (a) A city may adopt and enforce a stormwater control ordinance to protect water quality and control water quantity. A city may adopt a stormwater...

Article 20 - Interlocal Cooperation.

  • § 160A-460   Definitions
    The words defined in this section shall have the meanings indicated when used in this Part: (1) "Undertaking" means the joint exercise by two or...
  • § 160A-461   Interlocal cooperation authorized
    Any unit of local government in this State and any one or more other units of local government in this State or any other state...
  • § 160A-462   Joint agencies
    (a) Units agreeing to an undertaking may establish a joint agency charged with any or all of the responsibility for the undertaking. The units may...
  • § 160A-463   Personnel
    (a) The units may agree that any joint agency established under G.S. 160A‑462 shall appoint the officers, agents, and employees necessary to execute the undertaking,...
  • § 160A-464   Provisions of the agreement
    Any contract or agreement establishing an undertaking shall specify: (1) The purpose or purposes of the contract or agreement; (2) The duration of the agreement;...
  • § 160A-465   Repealed by Session Laws 1979, c. 774, s. 2
  • § 160A-466   Revenue and expenditures for joint undertakings
    When two or more units of local government are engaged in a joint undertaking, they may enter into agreements regarding financing, expenditures, and revenues related...
  • § 160A-467 through 160A-469   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-470   Creation of regional councils; definition of "unit of local government"
    (a) Any two or more units of local government may create a regional council of governments by adopting identical concurrent resolutions to that effect in...
  • § 160A-471   Membership
    Each unit of local government initially adopting a concurrent resolution under G.S. 160A‑470 shall become a member of the regional council. Thereafter, any local government...
  • § 160A-472   Contents of charter
    The charter of a regional council of governments shall: (1) Specify the name of the council; (2) Establish the powers, duties, and functions that it...
  • § 160A-473   Organization of council
    Upon its creation, a regional council shall meet at a time and place agreed upon by its member governments and shall organize by electing a...
  • § 160A-474   Withdrawal from council
    Any member government may withdraw from a regional council at the end of any fiscal year by giving at least 60 days' written notice to...
  • § 160A-475   Specific powers of council
    The charter may confer on the regional council any of the following powers: (1) To apply for, accept, receive, and dispense funds and grants made...
  • § 160A-476   Fiscal affairs
    Each unit of local government having membership in a regional council may appropriate funds to the council from any legally available revenues. Services of personnel,...
  • § 160A-477   Reports
    Each regional council shall prepare and distribute to its member governments and to the public an annual report of its activities including a financial statement....
  • § 160A-478   Powers granted are supplementary
    The powers granted to cities and counties by this Article are supplementary to any powers heretofore or hereafter granted by any other general law, local...
  • § 160A-479   Creation of authority; definition
    (a) Any two or more units of local government may create a regional sports authority by adopting identical concurrent resolutions to that effect in accordance...
  • § 160A-479.1   Purpose of the authority
    The purpose of a regional sports authority shall be to research, design, construct, provide, finance, operate, improve, and maintain facilities for public participation and enjoyment...
  • § 160A-479.2   Jurisdiction of the authority
    (a) The territorial jurisdiction of any authority created pursuant to this Part shall be coterminous with the boundaries of the respective units of local government...
  • § 160A-479.3   Membership
    Each unit of local government initially adopting a concurrent resolution under G.S. 160A‑479 shall become a member of the regional authority. Thereafter, any local government...
  • § 160A-479.4   Contents of charter
    The charter of a regional sports authority shall: (1) Specify the name of the authority; (2) Establish the powers, duties, and functions that it may...
  • § 160A-479.5   Organization of authority
    Upon its creation, a regional sports authority shall meet at a time and place agreed upon by its member governments and shall organize by electing...
  • § 160A-479.6   Withdrawal from authority
    Any member government may withdraw from a regional sports authority at the end of any fiscal year by giving at least 60 days' written notice...
  • § 160A-479.7   Powers of authority
    (a) The charter may confer on the regional sports authority any or all of the following powers: (1) To apply for, accept, receive, and dispense...
  • § 160A-479.8   Fiscal accountability
    A Regional Sports Authority is a public authority subject to the provisions of Chapter 159 of the General Statutes of North Carolina. (1989, c. 780,...
  • § 160A-479.9   Funds
    (a) The establishment and operation of an authority as herein authorized are governmental functions and constitute a public purpose, and the State of North Carolina...
  • § 160A-479.10   Controlling provisions
    Insofar as the provisions of this Part are not consistent with the provisions of any other law, public or private, the provisions of this Part...
  • § 160A-479.11   Conflicts of interest of public officials
    Members, officers, and employees of any authority created under this Part shall be subject to the provisions of G.S. 14‑234. (1989, c. 780, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-479.12   Issuance of revenue bonds and notes
    The Local Government Revenue Bond Act, G.S. Chapter 159, Article 5, governs the issuance of revenue bonds by an authority. G.S. Chapter 159, Article 9,...
  • § 160A-479.13   Acquisition of property
    In addition to the powers hereinbefore granted, an authority may, in its charter, be granted continuing power to acquire, by gift, grant, devise, bequest, exchange,...
  • § 160A-479.14   Tax exemption
    (a) The property of an authority, both real and personal, its acts, activities and income shall be exempt from any tax or tax obligation; in...
  • § 160A-479.15   Removal and relocation of utility structures
    (a) An authority may require any public utility, railroad, or other public service corporation owning or operating any installations, structures, equipment, apparatus, appliances or facilities...
  • § 160A-479.16   Advances
    Any member government unit may make advances, from any moneys that may be available for such purpose, in connection with the creation of the authority...
  • § 160A-479.17   Annexation
    The annexation by a member government which is a city of areas lying outside of the territorial jurisdiction of the authority shall make such annexed...
  • § 160A-480   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-480.1   Short title
    This Part is the "Facility Authority Act" and may be cited by that name. (1995, c. 458, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-480.2   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Part: (1) Authority. A Facility Authority. (2) Credit facility. An agreement with a banking institution, an insurance institution, an...
  • § 160A-480.3   Creation of Authority; additional membership
    (a) Creation. An authority may be created only by act of the General Assembly. An authority so created shall be a political subdivision of the...
  • § 160A-480.4   Powers of an Authority
    An Authority shall have all of the powers necessary or convenient to carry out and effectuate the purposes and provisions of this Part. These powers...
  • § 160A-480.5   Dissolution of Authority
    The General Assembly may dissolve an authority if all bonds or notes issued by the Authority and all other obligations incurred by the Authority have...
  • § 160A-480.6   Construction contracts
    Article 8 of Chapter 143 of the General Statutes applies to a construction contract of an Authority. An Authority may solicit bids on the basis...
  • § 160A-480.7   Seating at regional facility arena
    The Authority shall ensure that at least fifty percent (50%) of the seats for an athletic event that is sponsored by a constituent institution of...
  • § 160A-480.8   Bonds
    (a) Terms. An Authority may provide for the issuance, at one time or from time to time, of bonds or notes to carry out its...
  • § 160A-480.9   Trust agreement or resolution
    In the discretion of the Authority, any bonds or notes issued under this Part may be secured by a trust instrument between the Authority and...
  • § 160A-480.10   Trust funds
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, all money received pursuant to the authority of this Part, whether as proceeds from the sale...
  • § 160A-480.11   Faith and credit of State and units of local government not pledged
    Bonds or notes issued under this Part shall not constitute a debt secured by a pledge of the faith and credit of the State or...
  • § 160A-480.12   Revenue refunding bonds
    The Authority may issue refunding bonds or notes for one or more of the following purposes: (1) Refunding any outstanding bonds or notes issued under...
  • § 160A-480.13   Bonds eligible for investment
    Bonds and notes issued under this Part are hereby made securities in which all public officers, agencies, and public bodies of the State and its...
  • § 160A-480.14   Taxation of revenue bonds
    Any bonds and notes issued by the Authority under the provisions of this Part shall be exempt from all State, county, and municipal taxation or...
  • § 160A-480.15   Members and officers not liable
    No member or officer of an Authority shall be subject to any personal liability or accountability by reason of the execution of any bonds or...
  • § 160A-481 through 160A-484   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 21 - Miscellaneous.

  • § 160A-485   Waiver of immunity through insurance purchase
    (a) Any city is authorized to waive its immunity from civil liability in tort by the act of purchasing liability insurance. Participation in a local...
  • § 160A-486   Estimates of population
    When a newly incorporated municipality is not included in the most recent federal census of population but otherwise qualifies for distribution of State‑collected funds allocated...
  • § 160A-487   City and county financial support for rescue squads
    Each city and county is authorized to appropriate funds to rescue squads or teams to enable them to purchase and maintain rescue equipment and to...
  • § 160A-488   Museums and arts programs
    (a) Any city or county is authorized to establish and support museums, art galleries, or arts centers, so long as the facility is open to...
  • § 160A-489   Auditoriums, coliseums, and convention centers
    Any city is authorized to establish and support public auditoriums, coliseums, and convention centers. As used in this section, "support" includes but is not limited...
  • § 160A-490   Photographic reproduction of records
    (a) General Statutes 153A‑436 shall apply to cities. When a county officer is designated by title in that Article, the designation shall be construed to...
  • § 160A-491   Powers in connection with beach erosion
    [All cities shall have the power] to levy taxes and appropriate tax or nontax funds for the acquisition, construction, reconstruction, extension, maintenance, improvement, or enlargement...
  • § 160A-492   Human relations, community action and manpower development programs
    The governing body of any city, town, or county is hereby authorized to undertake, and to expend tax or nontax funds for, human relations, community...
  • § 160A-493   Animal shelters
    A city may establish, equip, operate, and maintain an animal shelter or may contribute to the support of an animal shelter, and for these purposes...
  • § 160A-494   Drug abuse programs
    Any city may provide for the prevention and treatment of narcotic, barbituric and other types of drug abuse and addiction through education, medication, medical care,...
  • § 160A-495   Appropriations for establishment, etc., of local government center in Raleigh
    Counties, cities and towns are hereby authorized to appropriate money for payment to their respective instrumentalities, the North Carolina Association of County Commissioners and the...
  • § 160A-496   Incorporation of local acts into charter
    (a) A city may from time to time require the city attorney to present to the council any local acts relating to the property, affairs,...
  • § 160A-497   Senior citizens programs
    Any city or county may undertake programs for the assistance and care of its senior citizens including but not limited to programs for in‑home services,...
  • § 160A-498   Railroad corridor preservation
    A city or county may acquire property, by purchase or gift, to preserve a railroad corridor established by the Department of Transportation. A city or...
  • § 160A-499   Reimbursement agreements
    (a) A city may enter into reimbursement agreements with private developers and property owners for the design and construction of municipal infrastructure that is included...
  • § 160A-499.2   Fair housing ordinances in certain municipalities
    (a) A municipality shall have the power to adopt ordinances prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, handicap, familial status, or national...

Article 22 - Urban Redevelopment Law.

  • § 160A-500   Short title
    This Article shall be known and may be cited as the "Urban Redevelopment Law." (1951, c. 1095, s. 1; 1973, c. 426, s. 75.)
  • § 160A-501   Findings and declaration of policy
    It is hereby determined and declared as a matter of legislative finding: (1) That there exist in urban communities in this State blighted areas as...
  • § 160A-502   Additional findings and declaration of policy
    It is further determined and declared as a matter of legislative finding: (1) That the cities of North Carolina constitute important assests for the State...
  • § 160A-503   Definitions
    The following terms where used in this Article, shall have the following meanings, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning: (1) "Area of...
  • § 160A-504   Formation of commissions
    (a) Each municipality, as defined herein, is hereby authorized to create separate and distinct bodies corporate and politic to be known as the redevelopment commission...
  • § 160A-505   Alternative organization
    (a) (See note) In lieu of creating a redevelopment commission as authorized herein, the governing body of any municipality may, if it deems wise, either...
  • § 160A-505.1   Commission budgeting and accounting systems as a part of municipality budgeting and accounting systems
    The governing body of a municipality may by resolution provide that the budgeting and accounting systems of the municipality's redevelopment commission or, if the municipality's...
  • § 160A-506   Creation of a county redevelopment commission
    If the board of county commissioners of a county by resolution declares that blighted areas do exist in said county, and the redevelopment of such...
  • § 160A-507   Creation of a regional redevelopment commission
    If the board of county commissioners of two or more contiguous counties by resolution declare that blighted areas do exist in said counties and the...
  • § 160A-507.1   Creation of a joint county-city redevelopment commission
    A county and one or more cities within the county are hereby authorized to create a separate and distinct body corporate and politic to be...
  • § 160A-508   Appointment and qualifications of members of commission
    Upon certification of a resolution declaring the need for a commission to operate in a city or town, the mayor and governing board thereof, respectively,...
  • § 160A-509   Tenure and compensation of members of commission
    The mayor and governing body shall designate overlapping terms of not less than one nor more than five years for the members who are first...
  • § 160A-510   Organization of commission
    The members of a commission shall select from among themselves a chairman, a vice‑chairman, and such other officers as the commission may determine. A commission...
  • § 160A-511   Interest of members or employees
    No member or employee of a commission shall acquire any interest, direct or indirect, in any redevelopment project or in any property included or planned...
  • § 160A-512   Powers of commission
    A commission shall constitute a public body, corporate and politic, exercising public and essential governmental powers, which powers shall include all powers necessary or appropriate...
  • § 160A-513   Preparation and adoption of redevelopment plans
    (a) A commission shall prepare a redevelopment plan for any area certified by the planning commission to be a redevelopment area. A redevelopment plan shall...
  • § 160A-514   Required procedures for contracts, purchases and sales; powers of commission in carrying out redevelopment project
    (a) A commission may privately contract for engineering, legal, surveying, professional or other similar services without advertisement or bid. (b) In entering and carrying out...
  • § 160A-515   Eminent domain
    The commission may exercise the right of eminent domain in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 40A, but only where the property to be taken...
  • § 160A-515.1   Project development financing
    (a) Authorization. A city may finance a redevelopment project and any related public improvements with the proceeds of project development financing debt instruments, issued pursuant...
  • § 160A-516   Issuance of bonds
    (a) The commission shall have power to issue bonds from time to time for any of its corporate purposes including the payment of principal and...
  • § 160A-517   Powers in connection with issuance of bonds
    (a) In connection with the issuance of bonds or the incurring of obligations and in order to secure the payment of such bonds or obligations,...
  • § 160A-518   Right of obligee
    An obligee of the commission shall have the right in addition to all other rights which may be conferred on such obligee, subject only to...
  • § 160A-519   Cooperation by public bodies
    (a) For the purpose of aiding and cooperating in the planning, undertaking or carrying out of a redevelopment project located within the area in which...
  • § 160A-520   Grant of funds by community
    Any municipality located within the area of operation of a commission may appropriate funds to a commission for the purpose of aiding such commission in...
  • § 160A-521   Records and reports
    (a) The books and records of a commission shall at all times be open and subject to inspection by the public. (b) A copy of...
  • § 160A-522   Title of purchaser
    Any instrument executed by a commission and purporting to convey any right, title or interest in any property under this Article shall be conclusive evidence...
  • § 160A-523   Preparation of general plan by local governing body
    The governing body of any municipality or county, which is not otherwise authorized to create a planning commission with power to prepare a general plan...
  • § 160A-524   Inconsistent provisions
    Insofar as the provisions of this Article are inconsistent with the provisions of any other law, the provisions of this Article shall be controlling. (1951,...
  • § 160A-525   Certain actions and proceedings validated
    All proceedings, resolutions, ordinances, motions, notices, findings, determinations, and other actions of redevelopment commissions, incorporated cities and towns, governing bodies, and planning boards and commissions,...
  • § 160A-526   Contracts and agreements validated
    All contracts or agreements of redevelopment commissions heretofore entered into with the federal government or its agencies, and with municipalities or others relating to financial...
  • § 160A-527 through 160A-534   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 23 - Municipal Service Districts.

  • § 160A-535   Title; effective date
    This Article may be cited as "The Municipal Service District Act of 1973," and is enacted pursuant to Article V, Sec. 2(4) of the Constitution...
  • § 160A-536   Purposes for which districts may be established
    (a) Purposes. The city council of any city may define any number of service districts in order to finance, provide, or maintain for the districts...
  • § 160A-537   Definition of service districts
    (a) Standards. The city council of any city may by resolution define a service district upon finding that a proposed district is in need of...
  • § 160A-538   Extension of service districts
    (a) Standards. The city council may by resolution annex territory to any service district upon finding that: (1) The area to be annexed is contiguous...
  • § 160A-538.1   Reduction of service districts
    (a) Upon finding that there is no longer a need to include within a particular service district any certain tract or parcel of land, the...
  • § 160A-539   Consolidation of service districts
    (a) The city council may by resolution consolidate two or more service districts upon finding that: (1) The districts are contiguous or are in a...
  • § 160A-540   Required provision or maintenance of services
    (a) New District. When a city defines a new service district, it shall provide, maintain, or let contracts for the services for which the residents...
  • § 160A-541   Abolition of service districts
    Upon finding that there is no longer a need for a particular service district, the city council may by resolution abolish that district. The council...
  • § 160A-542   Taxes authorized; rate limitation
    A city may levy property taxes within defined service districts in addition to those levied throughout the city, in order to finance, provide or maintain...
  • § 160A-543   Bonds authorized
    A city may incur debt under general law to finance services, facilities or functions provided within a service district. If a proposed general obligation bond...
  • § 160A-544   Exclusion of personal property of public service corporations
    There shall be excluded from any service district and the provisions of this Article shall not apply to the personal property of any public service...
  • § 160A-545 through 160A-549   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 24 - Parking Authorities.

  • § 160A-550   Short title
    This Article may be cited as the "Parking Authority Law." (1951, c. 779, s. 1; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1247, s. 44.)
  • § 160A-551   Definitions
    As used or referred to in this Article, unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context: (1) The term "authority" shall mean a public...
  • § 160A-552   Creation of authority
    The city council of any city may, upon its own initiative, and shall, upon petition of 25 or more residents of the city, hold a...
  • § 160A-553   Appointment, removal, etc., of commissioners; quorum; chairman; vice-chairman, agents and employees
    An authority shall consist of five commissioners appointed by the city council, and the city council shall designate the first chairman. No commissioner shall be...
  • § 160A-554   Duty of authority and commissioners
    The authority and its commissioners shall be under a statutory duty to comply or cause compliance strictly with all provisions of this Article and, in...
  • § 160A-555   Interested commissioners or employees
    No commissioner or employee of an authority shall acquire any interest direct or indirect in any parking project or in any property included or planned...
  • § 160A-556   Purpose and powers of the authority
    An authority incorporated under this Article shall constitute a public body and a body corporate and politic, exercising public powers as an agency or instrumentality...
  • § 160A-557   Conveyance of property by the city to the authority; acquisition of property by the city or by the authority
    (a) The city may convey, with or without consideration, to the authority real and personal property owned by the city for use by the authority...
  • § 160A-558   Contracts
    The authority shall let contracts in the manner provided by law for contracts of the city. (1951, c. 779, s. 9; 1979, 2nd Sess., c....
  • § 160A-559   Moneys of the authority
    All moneys of the authority shall be paid to the treasurer of the city as agent of the authority, who shall designate depositories and who...
  • § 160A-560   Bonds legal investments for public officers and fiduciaries
    The bonds are hereby made securities in which all public officers and bodies of this State and all municipalities and municipal subdivisions, all insurance companies...
  • § 160A-561   Exemptions from taxation
    It is hereby found, determined and declared that the creation of the authority and the carrying out of its corporate purposes is in all respects...
  • § 160A-562   Tax contract by the State
    The State of North Carolina covenants with the purchasers and with all subsequent holders and transferees of bonds issued by the authority pursuant to this...
  • § 160A-563   Actions against the authority
    In every action against the authority for damages, for injuries to real or personal property, or for the destruction thereof, or for personal injuries or...
  • § 160A-564   Termination of authority
    The city council shall have the authority to terminate the existence of the authority at any time. In the event of such termination, all property...
  • § 160A-565   Inconsistent provisions in other acts superseded
    Insofar as the provisions of this Article are inconsistent with the provisions of any other act, general or special, the provisions of this Article shall...
  • § 160A-566 through 160A-574   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 25 - Public Transportation Authorities.

  • § 160A-575   Title
    This Article shall be known and may be cited as the "North Carolina Public Transportation Authorities Act." (1977, c. 465; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1247,...
  • § 160A-576   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Authority" means a body corporate and politic organized in accordance with the provisions of...
  • § 160A-577   Creation; membership
    A municipality may, by resolution or ordinance, create a transportation authority, hereinafter sometimes referred to as the "authority." It shall be a body corporate and...
  • § 160A-578   Purpose of the authority
    The purpose of the authority shall be to provide for a safe, adequate and convenient public transportation system for the municipality creating the authority and...
  • § 160A-579   General powers of the authority
    The general powers of the authority shall include any or all of the following: (1) To sue and be sued; (2) To have a seal;...
  • § 160A-580   Authority of Utilities Commission not affected
    Except as otherwise provided herein, nothing in this Article shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the power or authority of the North Carolina...
  • § 160A-581   Territorial jurisdiction
    The jurisdiction of the authority shall extend to all local public passenger transportation operating within the municipality. Said jurisdiction shall also extend up to 30...
  • § 160A-582   Fiscal accountability
    The authority shall be fiscally accountable to the municipality, and the municipality's governing body shall have authority to examine all records and accounts of the...
  • § 160A-583   Funds
    The establishment and operation of a transportation authority as herein authorized are governmental functions and constitute a public purpose, and the municipality is hereby authorized...
  • § 160A-584   Effect on existing franchises and operations
    In the event a transportation authority is established under the authority of this Article, any existing franchises granted by the municipality shall continue in full...
  • § 160A-585   Termination
    The governing body of the municipality shall have the authority to terminate the existence of the authority at any time. In the event of such...
  • § 160A-586   Controlling provisions
    Insofar as the provisions of this Article are not consistent with the provisions of any other law, public or private, the provisions of this Article...
  • § 160A-587   Consolidation of public transportation authority and parking authority
    The municipality may, by resolution or ordinance, vest in a single body corporate and politic both the powers of a public transportation authority in accordance...
  • § 160A-588   Joint provision of services
    Two or more municipalities may cooperate in the exercise of any power granted by this Article according to the procedures and provisions of G.S. 160A‑460...
  • § 160A-589 through 160A-599   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 26 - Regional Public Transportation Authority.

  • § 160A-600   Title
    This Article shall be known and may be cited as the "Regional Public Transportation Authority Act." (1989, c. 740, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-601   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Authority" means a Regional Public Transportation Authority as defined by subdivision (6) of this...
  • § 160A-602   Definition of territorial jurisdiction of Authority
    An authority may be created for any area of the State that, at the time of creation of the authority, meets the following criteria: (1)...
  • § 160A-603   Creation of Authority
    (a) The Boards of Commissioners of all three counties within an area for which an authority may be created as defined in G.S. 160A‑602 may...
  • § 160A-604   Territorial jurisdiction of the Authority
    (a) The territorial jurisdiction of any authority created pursuant to this Article shall be coterminous with the boundaries of the three counties that organized it....
  • § 160A-605   Membership; officers; compensation
    (a) The governing body of an authority is the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees shall consist of 13 members, appointed as follows: (1)...
  • § 160A-606   Voting; removal
    (a) Six members of the Board of Trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Except as provided by G.S. 160A‑605(a)(4), each member...
  • § 160A-607   Advisory committees
    The Board of Trustees may provide for the selection of such advisory committees as it may find appropriate, which may or may not include members...
  • § 160A-607.1   Special tax board
    (a) The special tax board of an authority shall be composed of two representatives from each of the counties organizing the authority appointed annually by...
  • § 160A-608   Purpose of the Authority
    The purpose of the Authority shall be to finance, provide, operate, and maintain for a safe, clean, reliable, adequate, convenient, energy efficient, economically and environmentally...
  • § 160A-609   Service area of the Authority
    The service area of the Authority shall be as determined by the Board of Trustees consistent with its purpose, but shall not exceed the territorial...
  • § 160A-610   General powers of the Authority
    The general powers of the Authority shall include any or all of the following: (1) To sue and be sued; (2) To have a seal;...
  • § 160A-611   Authority of Utilities Commission not affected
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Article, nothing in this Article shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the power or authority of...
  • § 160A-612   Fiscal accountability
    An Authority is a public authority subject to the provisions of Chapter 159 of the General Statutes. (1989, c. 740, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-613   Funds
    (a) The establishment and operation of an Authority are governmental functions and constitute a public purpose, and the State of North Carolina and any unit...
  • § 160A-613.1   Competition
    No equipment of the authority may be used for charter, tour, or sight‑seeing service. (1989, c. 740, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-614   Effect on existing franchises and operations
    Creation of the Authority shall not have an effect on any existing franchises granted by any unit of local government; such existing franchises shall continue...
  • § 160A-615   Termination
    The Board of Trustees may terminate the existence of the Authority at any time when it has no outstanding indebtedness. In the event of such...
  • § 160A-616   Controlling provisions
    Insofar as the provisions of this Article are not consistent with the provisions of any other law, public or private, the provisions of this Article...
  • § 160A-617   Bonds and notes authorized
    In addition to the powers granted by this Article, the Authority may issue bonds and notes pursuant to the provisions of the Local Government Bond...
  • § 160A-618   Equipment trust certificates
    In addition to the powers here and before granted, the Authority shall have continuing power to purchase equipment, and in connection therewith execute agreements, leases...
  • § 160A-619   Power of eminent domain
    (a) The Authority shall have continuing power to acquire, by gift, grant, devise, bequest, exchange, purchase, lease with or without option to purchase, or any...
  • § 160A-620   Tax exemption
    The property of the Authority, both real and personal, its acts, activities and income shall be exempt from any tax or tax obligation; in the...
  • § 160A-621   Removal and relocation of utility structures
    (a) The Authority shall have the power to require any public utility, railroad, or other public service corporation owning or operating any installations, structures, equipment,...
  • § 160A-622   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-623   Regional Transportation Authority registration tax
    In accordance with Article 51 of Chapter 105 of the General Statutes, an Authority organized under this Article may levy an annual license tax upon...
  • § 160A-624   Recommendation of additional revenue sources
    The Authority may make recommendations to the General Assembly concerning additional revenue sources, including, but not limited to: (1) Annual vehicle registration fees; (2) Ad...
  • § 160A-625   Reports to the General Assembly
    The Authority shall annually submit to the General Assembly, on or before February 1, its annual operating report, including a report of its administrative expenditures,...
  • § 160A-626   Limitations on rail transportation liability
    (a) As used in this section: (1) "Claim" means a claim, action, suit, or request for damages, whether compensatory, punitive, or otherwise, made by any...
  • § 160A-627   Civil liability
    Except as provided in G.S. 160A‑626, the Authority shall be deemed a city for purposes of civil liability pursuant to G.S. 160A‑485. Governmental immunity of...
  • § 160A-628   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 160A-629   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 27 - Regional Transportation Authority.

  • § 160A-630   Title
    This Article shall be known and may be cited as the "Regional Transportation Authority Act." (1997‑393, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-631   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Authority" means a Regional Transportation Authority as defined by subdivision (6) of this section....
  • § 160A-632   Definition of territorial jurisdiction of Authority
    An authority may be created for the area of any Metropolitan Planning Organization of the State that, at the time of creation of the authority,...
  • § 160A-633   Creation of Authority
    (a) The city councils of the four largest cities within an area for which an authority may be created as defined in G.S. 160A‑632 may...
  • § 160A-634   Territorial jurisdiction and service area of the Authority
    (a) The territorial jurisdiction and service area of the Authority shall be as determined by the Board of Trustees consistent with its purpose, but shall...
  • § 160A-635   Membership; officers; compensation
    (a) The governing body of an authority is the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees shall consist of: (1) The mayor of the four...
  • § 160A-636   Voting
    A majority of the members of the Board of Trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Except as provided by G.S. 160A‑635(a)(2),...
  • § 160A-637   Advisory committees
    The Board of Trustees may provide for the selection of such advisory committees as it may find appropriate, which may or may not include members...
  • § 160A-638   Purpose of the Authority
    The purpose of the authority is to enhance the quality of life in its territorial jurisdiction by promoting the development of sound transportation systems which...
  • § 160A-639   General powers of the Authority
    The general powers of the Authority shall include any or all of the following: (1) To sue and be sued; (2) To have a seal;...
  • § 160A-640   Authority of Utilities Commission not affected
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Article, nothing in this Article shall be construed to limit or otherwise affect the power or authority of...
  • § 160A-641   Fiscal accountability
    An Authority is a public authority subject to the provisions of Chapter 159 of the General Statutes. (1997‑393, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-642   Funds
    The establishment and operation of an Authority are governmental functions and constitute a public purpose, and the State of North Carolina and any unit of...
  • § 160A-643   Competition
    No equipment of the Authority may be used for charter, tour, or sight‑seeing service. (1997‑393, s. 1.)
  • § 160A-644   Effect on existing franchises and operations
    Creation of the Authority shall not have an effect on any existing franchises granted by any unit of local government; such existing franchises shall continue...
  • § 160A-645   Termination
    The Board of Trustees may terminate the existence of the Authority at any time when it has no outstanding indebtedness. In the event of such...
  • § 160A-646   Controlling provisions
    Insofar as the provisions of this Article are not consistent with the provisions of any other law, public or private, the provisions of this Article...
  • § 160A-647   Bonds and notes authorized
    In addition to the powers granted by this Article, the Authority may issue bonds and notes pursuant to the provisions of The State and Local...
  • § 160A-648   Equipment trust certificates
    In addition to the powers here and before granted, the Authority shall have continuing power to purchase equipment, and in connection therewith execute agreements, leases...
  • § 160A-649   Power of eminent domain
    (a) The Authority shall have continuing power to acquire, by gift, grant, devise, bequest, exchange, purchase, lease with or without option to purchase, or any...
  • § 160A-650   Tax exemption
    The property of the Authority, both real and personal, its acts, activities, and income shall be exempt from any tax or tax obligation; in the...
  • § 160A-651   Removal and relocation of utility structures
    (a) The Authority shall have the power to require any public utility, railroad, or other public service corporation owning or operating any installations, structures, equipment,...
  • § 160A-652 through 160A-659   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 28 - Regional Natural Gas District.

  • § 160A-660   Title
    This Article is the "Regional Natural Gas District Act" and may be cited by that name. (1997‑426, s. 2.)
  • § 160A-661   Purpose; definitions
    (a) The purpose of a district created under this Article is to enhance the quality of life in its territorial jurisdiction by promoting the development...
  • § 160A-662   Territorial jurisdiction and service area of district
    (a) A district may be created for one or more entire counties that are totally unserved with natural gas and in which a specific natural...
  • § 160A-663   Creation of district
    (a) The boards of commissioners of any one or more counties within an area for which a district may be created as provided by G.S....
  • § 160A-664   Membership; officers; compensation
    (a) The governing body of a district is the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees shall consist of members as provided in the articles...
  • § 160A-665   Quorum
    A majority of the members of the Board of Trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. (1997‑426, s. 2.)
  • § 160A-666   Advisory committees
    The Board of Trustees may provide for the selection of any advisory committees that it finds appropriate, which may or may not include members of...
  • § 160A-667   General powers of the district
    The general powers of the district include all of the following: (1) To sue and be sued. (2) To have a seal. (3) To make...
  • § 160A-668   Fiscal accountability
    A district is a public authority subject to the provisions of Chapter 159 of the General Statutes. (1997‑426, s. 2.)
  • § 160A-669   Funds
    The establishment and operation of a district is a public purpose, and the State of North Carolina and any unit of local government may appropriate...
  • § 160A-670   Effect on existing franchises and operations
    Creation of the district does not affect any existing franchises granted by any unit of local government. Those existing franchises shall continue in full force...
  • § 160A-671   Termination of district
    The Board of Trustees, after providing for the continued availability of natural gas service to its customers, if any, may terminate the existence of the...
  • § 160A-672   Joinder of county or city
    (a) Whenever a district has been organized under the provisions of this Article, a county as defined in G.S. 160A‑662(a) or a city within that...
  • § 160A-673   Bonds and notes authorized
    The district may issue revenue bonds and revenue bond anticipation notes pursuant to the provisions of the State and Local Government Revenue Bond Act, Article...
  • § 160A-674   Acquisition, power of eminent domain
    (a) The district shall have continuing power to acquire, by gift, grant, devise, bequest, exchange, purchase, lease with or without option to purchase, or any...
  • § 160A-675   Tax exemption
    A district, and its property, bonds and notes, and income, are exempt from property taxes and income taxes to the same extent as if it...
  • § 160A-676   Authority to fix and enforce rates
    (a) A district may establish and revise from time to time schedules of rents, rates, fees, charges, and penalties made applicable throughout the district for...