North Carolina Statutes

Chapter 14 Criminal Law

Article 1 - Felonies and Misdemeanors.

Article 2 - Principals and Accessories.

Article 2A - Habitual Felons.

  • § 14-7.1   Persons defined as habitual felons
    Any person who has been convicted of or pled guilty to three felony offenses in any federal court or state court in the United States...
  • § 14-7.2   Punishment
    When any person is charged by indictment with the commission of a felony under the laws of the State of North Carolina and is also...
  • § 14-7.3   Charge of habitual felon
    An indictment which charges a person who is an habitual felon within the meaning of G.S. 14‑7.1 with the commission of any felony under the...
  • § 14-7.4   Evidence of prior convictions of felony offenses
    In all cases where a person is charged under the provisions of this Article with being an habitual felon, the record or records of prior...
  • § 14-7.5   Verdict and judgment
    When an indictment charges an habitual felon with a felony as above provided and an indictment also charges that said person is an habitual felon...
  • § 14-7.6   Sentencing of habitual felons
    When an habitual felon as defined in this Article commits any felony under the laws of the State of North Carolina, the felon must, upon...

Article 2B - Violent Habitual Felons.

  • § 14-7.7   Persons defined as violent habitual felons
    (a) Any person who has been convicted of two violent felonies in any federal court, in a court of this or any other state of...
  • § 14-7.8   Punishment
    When a person is charged by indictment with the commission of a violent felony and is also charged with being a violent habitual felon as...
  • § 14-7.9   Charge of violent habitual felon
    An indictment that charges a person who is a violent habitual felon within the meaning of G.S. 14‑7.7 with the commission of any violent felony...
  • § 14-7.10   Evidence of prior convictions of violent felonies
    In all cases where a person is charged under this Article with being a violent habitual felon, the records of prior convictions of violent felonies...
  • § 14-7.11   Verdict and judgment
    When an indictment charges a violent habitual felon with a violent felony as provided in this Article and an indictment also charges that the person...
  • § 14-7.12   Sentencing of violent habitual felons
    A person who is convicted of a violent felony and of being a violent habitual felon must, upon conviction (except where the death penalty is...
  • § 14-7.13 through 14-7.19   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 2C - Continuing Criminal Enterprise.

  • § 14-7.20   Continuing criminal enterprise
    (a) Any person who engages in a continuing criminal enterprise shall be punished as a Class H felon and in addition shall be subject to...

Article 3 - Rebellion.

Article 4 - Subversive Activities.

Article 4A - Prohibited Secret Societies and Activities.

Article 5 - Counterferfeiting and Issuing Monetary Substitutes.

Article 5A - Endangering Executive and Legislative, and Court Officers.

  • § 14-16.6   Assault on executive, legislative, or court officer
    (a) Any person who assaults any legislative officer, executive officer, or court officer, or any person who makes a violent attack upon the residence, office,...
  • § 14-16.7   Threats against executive, legislative, or court officers
    (a) Any person who knowingly and willfully makes any threat to inflict serious bodily injury upon or to kill any legislative officer, executive officer, or...
  • § 14-16.8   No requirement of receipt of the threat
    In prosecutions under G.S. 14‑16.7 of this Article it shall not be necessary to prove that any legislative officer, executive officer, or court officer actually...
  • § 14-16.9   Officers-elect to be covered
    Any person who has been elected to any office covered by this Article but has not yet taken the oath of office shall be considered...
  • § 14-16.10   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Article: (1) Court officer. Magistrate, clerk of superior court, acting clerk, assistant or deputy clerk, judge, or justice of...

Article 6 - Homicide.

Article 7 - Rape and Kindred Offenses.

Article 7A - Rape and Other Sex Offenses.

Article 8 - Assaults.

Article 9 - Hazing.

Article 10 - Kidnapping and Abduction.

Article 10A - Human Trafficking.

  • § 14-43.10   Definitions
    (a) Definitions. The following definitions apply in this Article: (1) Coercion. The term includes all of the following: a. Causing or threatening to cause bodily...
  • § 14-43.11   Human trafficking
    (a) A person commits the offense of human trafficking when that person knowingly recruits, entices, harbors, transports, provides, or obtains by any means another person...
  • § 14-43.12   Involuntary servitude
    (a) A person commits the offense of involuntary servitude when that person knowingly and willfully holds another in involuntary servitude. (b) A person who violates...
  • § 14-43.13   Sexual servitude
    (a) A person commits the offense of sexual servitude when that person knowingly subjects or maintains another in sexual servitude. (b) A person who violates...

Article 11 - Abortion and Kindred Offenses.

Article 12 - Libel and Slander.

Article 13 - Malicious Injury or Damage by Use of Explosive or Incendiary Device or Material.

Article 14 - Burglary and Other Housebreakings.

Article 15 - Arson and Other Burnings.

Article 16 - Larceny.

Article 16A - Organized Retail Theft.

  • § 14-86.5   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Article: (1) "Retail property." Any new article, product, commodity, item, or component intended to be sold in retail commerce....
  • § 14-86.6   Organized retail theft
    (a) A person is guilty of a Class H felony if the person: (1) Conspires with another person to commit theft of retail property from...

Article 17 - Robbery.

Article 18 - Embezzlement.

Article 19 - False Pretenses and Cheats.

Article 19A - Obtaining Property or Services by False or Fraudulent Use of Credit Device or Other Means.

Article 19B - Financial Transaction Card Crime Act.

Article 19C - Identity Fraud.

  • § 14-113.20   Identity theft
    (a) A person who knowingly obtains, possesses, or uses identifying information of another person, living or dead, with the intent to fraudulently represent that the...
  • § 14-113.20A   Trafficking in stolen identities
    (a) It is unlawful for a person to sell, transfer, or purchase the identifying information of another person with the intent to commit identity theft,...
  • § 14-113.21   Venue of offenses
    In any criminal proceeding brought under G.S. 14‑113.20, the crime is considered to be committed in the county where the victim resides, where the perpetrator...
  • § 14-113.21A   Investigation of offenses
    (a) A person who has learned or reasonably suspects that the person has been the victim of identity theft may contact the local law enforcement...
  • § 14-113.22   Punishment and liability
    (a) A violation of G.S.14‑113.20(a) is punishable as a Class G felony, except it is punishable as a Class F felony if: (i) the victim...
  • § 14-113.23   Authority of the Attorney General
    The Attorney General may investigate any complaint regarding identity theft under this Article. In conducting these investigations, the Attorney General has all the investigative powers...
  • § 14-113.24   Credit, charge, or debit card numbers on receipts
    (a) For purposes of this section, the word "person" means the person that owns or leases the cash register or other machine or device that...
  • § 14-113.25   Sale of certain cash registers and other receipt printing machines
    (a) No person shall sell or offer to sell a cash register or other machine or device that electronically prints receipts of credit, charge, or...

Article 19D - Telephone Records Privacy Protection Act.

  • § 14-113.30   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Article: (1) Caller identification record. A record collected and retained by or on behalf of a customer utilizing caller...
  • § 14-113.31   Prohibition of falsely obtaining, selling, or soliciting telephone records
    (a) No person shall obtain, or attempt to obtain, by any means, whether electronically, in writing, or in oral form, with or without consideration, a...
  • § 14-113.32   Exceptions
    (a) The provisions of G.S. 14‑113.31 shall not apply to any of the following: (1) Any lawfully authorized investigative, protective, or intelligence activity of a...
  • § 14-113.33   Punishment; liability
    (a) Unless the conduct is covered under some other provision of law providing greater punishment, any person who violates this Article is guilty of a...

Article 20 - Frauds.

Article 20A - Residential Mortgage Fraud Act.

  • § 14-118.10   Title
    This Article shall be known and cited as the "Residential Mortgage Fraud Act." (2007‑163, s. 1.)
  • § 14-118.11   Definitions
    Unless otherwise provided in this Article, the following definitions apply in this Article: (1) Mortgage lending process. The process through which a person seeks or...
  • § 14-118.12   Residential mortgage fraud
    (a) A person is guilty of residential mortgage fraud when, for financial gain and with the intent to defraud, that person does any of the...
  • § 14-118.13   Venue
    In any criminal proceeding brought under this Article, the crime shall be construed to have been committed: (1) In the county in which the residential...
  • § 14-118.14   Authority to investigate and prosecute
    Upon its own investigation or upon referral by the Office of the Commissioner of Banks, the North Carolina Real Estate Commission, the Attorney General, the...
  • § 14-118.15   Penalty for violation of Article
    (a) Unless the conduct is prohibited by some other provision of law providing for greater punishment, a violation of this Article involving a single mortgage...
  • § 14-118.16   Forfeiture
    (a) All real and personal property of every kind used or intended for use in the course of, derived from, or realized through a violation...
  • § 14-118.17   Liability for reporting suspected mortgage fraud
    In the absence of fraud, bad faith, or malice, a person shall not be subject to an action for civil liability for filing reports or...

Article 21 - Forgery.

Article 22 - Damages and Other Offenses to Land and Fixtures.

Article 22A - Trespassing Upon "Posted" Property to Hunt, Fish, Trap, or Remove Pine Needles/Straw.

Article 22B - First and Second Degree Trespass.

  • § 14-159.11   Definition
    As used in this Article, "building" means any structure or part of a structure, other than a conveyance, enclosed so as to permit reasonable entry...
  • § 14-159.12   First degree trespass
    (a) Offense. A person commits the offense of first degree trespass if, without authorization, he enters or remains: (1) On premises of another so enclosed...
  • § 14-159.13   Second degree trespass
    (a) Offense. A person commits the offense of second degree trespass if, without authorization, he enters or remains on premises of another: (1) After he...
  • § 14-159.14   Lesser included offenses
      The offenses created by this act shall constitute lesser included offenses of breaking or entering as provided in G.S. 14‑54 and G.S. 14‑56. (1987,...
  • § 14-159.15 through 14-159.19   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 22C - Cave Protection Act.

  • § 14-159.20   Definitions
      The terms listed below have the following definitions as used in this Article, unless the context clearly requires a different meaning: (1) "Cave" means...
  • § 14-159.21   Vandalism; penalties
    It is unlawful for any person, without express, prior, written permission of the owner, to willfully or knowingly: (1) Break, break off, crack, carve upon,...
  • § 14-159.22   Sale of speleothems unlawful; penalties
    It is unlawful to sell or offer for sale any speleothems in this State, or to export them for sale outside the State. A person...
  • § 14-159.23   Limitation of liability of owners and agents
      The owner of a cave, and his agents and employees, shall not be liable for any injury to, or for the death of any...

Article 23 - Trespasses to Personal Property.

Article 24 - Vehicles and Draft Animals-Protection of Bailor against Acts of Bailee.

Article 25 - Regulating the Leasing of Storage Batteries.

Article 26 - Offenses against Public Morality and Decency.

Article 26A - Adult Establishments.

  • § 14-202.10   Definitions
    As used in this Article: (1) "Adult bookstore" means a bookstore: a. Which receives a majority of its gross income during any calendar month from...
  • § 14-202.11   Restrictions as to adult establishments
    (a) No person shall permit any building, premises, structure, or other facility that contains any adult establishment to contain any other kind of adult establishment....
  • § 14-202.12   Violations; penalties
    Any person who violates G.S. 14‑202.11 shall be guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor. Any person who has been previously convicted of a violation of...

Article 27 - Prostitution.

Article 27A - Sex Offender and Public Protection Registration Programs.

Article 28 - Perjury.

Article 29 - Bribery.

  • § 14-217   Bribery of officials
    (a) If any person holding office under the laws of this State who, except in payment of his legal salary, fees or perquisites, shall receive,...
  • § 14-218   Offering bribes
    If any person shall offer a bribe, whether it be accepted or not, he shall be punished as a Class F felon. (1870‑1, c. 232;...
  • § 14-219   Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 780, s. 1
  • § 14-220   Bribery of jurors
    If any juror, either directly or indirectly, shall take anything from the plaintiff or defendant in a civil suit, or from any defendant in a...

Article 30 - Obstructing Justice.

Article 30A - Secret Listening.

Article 31 - Misconduct in Public Office.

Article 32 - Misconduct in Private Office.

Article 33 - Prison Breach and Prisoners.

Article 34 - Custodial Institutions.

  • § 14-266   Persuading inmates to escape
    It shall be unlawful for any parent, guardian, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, or any person whatsoever to persuade or induce to leave, carry away, or...
  • § 14-267   Harboring fugitives
    It shall be unlawful for any person to harbor, conceal, or give succor to, any known fugitive from any institution whose inmates are committed by...
  • § 14-268   Violation made misdemeanor
    Any person violating the provisions of this Article shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. (1935, c. 307, s. 3; 1993, c. 539, s....

Article 35 - Offenses Against the Public Peace.

Article 36 - Offenses Against the Public Safety.

Article 36A - Riots and Civil Disorders.

Article 36B - Nuclear, Biological, or Chemical Weapons of Mass Destruction.

Article 37 - Lotteries, Gaming, Bingo and Raffles.

Article 38 - Marathon Dances and Similar Endurance Contests.

Article 39 - Protection of Minors.

Article 40 - Protection of the Family.

Article 41 - Alcoholic Beverages.

Article 42 - Public Drunkenness.

Article 43 - Vagrants and Tramps.

Article 44 - Regulation of Sales.

Article 45 - Regulation of Employer and Employee.

Article 46 - Regulation of Landlord and Tenant.

Article 47 - Cruelty to Animals.

Article 48 - Animal Diseases.

Article 49 - Protection of Livestock Running at Large.

Article 50 - Protection of Letters, Telegrams, and Telephone Messages.

Article 51 - Protection of Athletic Contests.

Article 51A - Protection of Horse Shows.

  • § 14-380.1   Bribery of horse show judges or officials
    Any person who bribes, or offers to bribe, any judge or other official in any horse show, with intent to influence his decision or judgment...
  • § 14-380.2   Bribery attempts to be reported
    Any judge or other official of any horse show shall report to the resident superior court district attorney any attempt to bribe him with respect...
  • § 14-380.3   Bribe defined
    The word "bribe," as used in this Article, shall have the same meaning as set forth in G.S. 14‑376, in relation to athletic contests. (1963,...
  • § 14-380.4   Printing Article in horse show schedules
    The provisions of this Article shall be printed on all schedules for any horse show held prior to January 1, 1965. (1963, c. 1100, s.

Article 52 - Miscellaneous Police Regulations.

Article 52A - Sale of Weapons in Certain Counties.

Article 53 - Sale of Weapons in Certain Other Counties.

Article 53A - Other Firearms.

Article 53B - Firearm Regulation.

  • § 14-409.39   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Article: (1) Dealer. Any person licensed as a dealer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 921, et seq., or G.S. 105‑80....
  • § 14-409.40   Statewide uniformity of local regulation
    (a) It is declared by the General Assembly that the regulation of firearms is properly an issue of general, statewide concern, and that the entire...
  • § 14-409.41 through 14-409.44   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 53C - Sport Shooting Range Protection Act of 1997.

  • § 14-409.45   Definitions
    The following definitions apply in this Article: (1) Person. An individual, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, club, or other legal entity. (2) Sport shooting range or range....
  • § 14-409.46   Sport shooting range protection
    (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person who owns, operates, or uses a sport shooting range in this State shall not be subject...
  • § 14-409.47   Application of Article
    Except as otherwise provided in this Article, this Article does not prohibit a local government from regulating the location and construction of a sport shooting...

Article 54 - Sale, etc., of Pyrotechnics.

Article 54A - The Felony Firearms Act.

Article 54B - Concealed Handgun Permit.

Article 55 - Handling of Poisonous Reptiles.

Article 56 - Debt Adjusting.

Article 57 - Use, Sale, etc., of Glues Releasing Toxic Vapors.

Article 58 - Records, Tapes and Other Recorded Devices.

Article 58A - Audiovisual Recordings.

Article 59 - Public Intoxication.

Article 60 - Computer-Related Crime.

  • § 14-453   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the following terms have the meanings specified: (1) "Access" means to instruct, communicate with,...
  • § 14-453.1   Exceptions
    This Article does not apply to or prohibit: (1) Any terms or conditions in a contract or license related to a computer, computer network, software,...
  • § 14-453.2   Jurisdiction
    Any offense under this Article committed by the use of electronic communication may be deemed to have been committed where the electronic communication was originally...
  • § 14-454   Accessing computers
    (a) It is unlawful to willfully, directly or indirectly, access or cause to be accessed any computer, computer program, computer system, computer network, or any...
  • § 14-454.1   Accessing government computers
    (a) It is unlawful to willfully, directly or indirectly, access or cause to be accessed any government computer for the purpose of: (1) Devising or...
  • § 14-455   Damaging computers, computer programs, computer systems, computer networks, and resources
    (a) It is unlawful to willfully and without authorization alter, damage, or destroy a computer, computer program, computer system, computer network, or any part thereof....
  • § 14-456   Denial of computer services to an authorized user
    (a) Any person who willfully and without authorization denies or causes the denial of computer, computer program, computer system, or computer network services to an...
  • § 14-456.1   Denial of government computer services to an authorized user
    (a) Any person who willfully and without authorization denies or causes the denial of government computer services is guilty of a Class H felony. For...
  • § 14-457   Extortion
    Any person who verbally or by a written or printed communication, maliciously threatens to commit an act described in G.S. 14‑455 with the intent to...
  • § 14-458   Computer trespass; penalty
    (a) Except as otherwise made unlawful by this Article, it shall be unlawful for any person to use a computer or computer network without authority...
  • § 14-459   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 61 - Trains and Railroads.