North Carolina Statutes

Chapter 113A Pollution Control and Environment

Article 1 - Environmental Policy Act.

  • § 113A-1   Title
    This Article shall be known as the North Carolina Environmental Policy Act of 1971. (1971, c. 1203, s. 1; 1991, c. 431, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-2   Purposes
    The purposes of this Article are: to declare a State policy which will encourage the wise, productive, and beneficial use of the natural resources of...
  • § 113A-3   Declaration of State environmental policy
    The General Assembly of North Carolina, recognizing the profound influence of man's activity on the natural environment, and desiring, in its role as trustee for...
  • § 113A-4   Cooperation of agencies; reports; availability of information
    The General Assembly authorizes and directs that, to the fullest extent possible: (1) The policies, rules, and public laws of this State shall be interpreted...
  • § 113A-5   Review of agency actions involving major adverse changes or conflicts
    Whenever, in the judgment of the responsible State official, the information obtained in preparing the statement indicates that a major adverse change in the environment,...
  • § 113A-6   Conformity of administrative procedures to State environmental policy
    All agencies of the State shall periodically review their statutory authority, administrative rules, and current policies and procedures for the purpose of determining whether there...
  • § 113A-7   Other statutory obligations of agencies
    Nothing in this Article shall in any way affect nor detract from specific statutory obligations of any State agency (1) To comply with criteria or...
  • § 113A-8   Major development projects
    (a) The governing bodies of all cities, counties, and towns acting individually, or collectively, may by ordinance require any special‑purpose unit of government or private...
  • § 113A-8.1   Surface water transfers
    An environmental assessment shall be prepared for any transfer for which a petition is filed in accordance with G.S. 143‑215.22L. The determination of whether an...
  • § 113A-9   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context indicates otherwise, the term: (1) "Environmental assessment" (EA) means a document prepared by a State agency to...
  • § 113A-10   Provisions supplemental
    The policies, obligations and provisions of this Article are supplementary to those set forth in existing authorizations of and statutory provisions applicable to State agencies...
  • § 113A-11   Adoption of rules
    (a) The Department of Administration shall adopt rules to implement this Article. (b) Each State agency may adopt rules that establish minimum criteria. An agency...
  • § 113A-12   Environmental document not required in certain cases
    No environmental document shall be required in connection with: (1) The construction, maintenance, or removal of an electric power line, water line, sewage line, stormwater...
  • § 113A-13   Administrative and judicial review
    The preparation of an environmental document required under this Article is intended to assist the responsible agency in determining the appropriate decision on the proposed...
  • § 113A-14 through 113A-20   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 2 - Interstate Environmental Compact.

  • § 113A-21   Title
    This Article shall be known and cited as "The Interstate Environmental Compact Act of 1971." (1971, c. 805, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-22   Purpose
    The General Assembly of North Carolina recognizes and declares: (1) The concern for the purity and life‑giving qualities of our environment is of primary interest...
  • § 113A-23   Compact provisions
    The Interstate Environmental Compact is hereby enacted into law and entered into with all other jurisdictions legally joining herein in the form substantially as follows:...
  • § 113A-24 through 113A-29   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 3 - Natural and Scenic Rivers System.

  • § 113A-30   Short title
    This Article shall be known and may be cited as the "Natural and Scenic Rivers Act of 1971." (1971, c. 1167, s. 2.)
  • § 113A-31   Declaration of policy
    The General Assembly finds that certain rivers of North Carolina possess outstanding natural, scenic, educational, geological, recreational, historic, fish and wildlife, scientific and cultural values...
  • § 113A-32   Declaration of purpose
    The purpose of this Article is to implement the policy as set out in G.S. 113A‑31 by instituting a North Carolina natural and scenic rivers...
  • § 113A-33   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context requires otherwise: (1) "Department" means the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. (2) "Free‑flowing," as applied to...
  • § 113A-34   Types of scenic rivers
    The following types of rivers are eligible for inclusion in the North Carolina natural and scenic rivers system: Class I. Natural river areas. Those free‑flowing...
  • § 113A-35   Criteria for system
    For the inclusion of any river or segment of river in the natural and scenic river system, the following criteria must be present: (1) River...
  • § 113A-35.1   Components of system; management plan; acquisition of land and easements; inclusion in national system
    (a) That segment of the south fork of the New River extending from its confluence with Dog Creek in Ashe County downstream through Ashe and...
  • § 113A-35.2   Additional components
    That segment of the Linville River beginning at the State Highway 183 bridge over the Linville River and extending approximately 13 miles downstream to the...
  • § 113A-36   Administrative agency; federal grants; additions to the system; regulations
    (a) The Department is the agency of the State of North Carolina with the duties and responsibilities to administer and control the North Carolina natural...
  • § 113A-37   Raising the status of an area
    Whenever in the judgment of the Secretary of the Department a scenic river segment has been sufficiently restored and enhanced in its natural scenic and...
  • § 113A-38   Land acquisition
    (a) The Department of Administration is authorized to acquire for the Department, within the boundaries of a river or segment of river as set out...
  • § 113A-39   Claim and allowance of charitable deduction for contribution or gift of easement
    The contribution or donation of a "scenic easement," right‑of‑way or any other easement or interest in land to the State of North Carolina, as provided...
  • § 113A-40   Component as part of State park, wildlife refuge, etc
    Any component of the State natural and scenic rivers system that is or shall become a part of any State park, wildlife refuge, or state‑owned...
  • § 113A-41   Component as part of national wild and scenic river system
    Nothing in this Article shall preclude a river or segment of a river from becoming part of the national wild and scenic river system. The...
  • § 113A-42   Violations
    (a) Civil Action. Whoever violates, fails, neglects or refuses to obey any provision of this Article or rule or order of the Secretary may be...
  • § 113A-43   Authorization of advances
    The Department of Administration is hereby authorized to advance from land‑purchase appropriations necessary amounts for the purchase of land in those cases where reimbursement will...
  • § 113A-44   Restrictions on project works on natural or scenic river
    The State Utilities Commission may not permit the construction of any dam, water conduit, reservoir, powerhouse transmission line, or any other project works on or...
  • § 113A-45 through 113A-49   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 4 - Sedimentation Pollution Control Act of 1973.

  • § 113A-50   Short title
    This Article shall be known as and may be cited as the "Sedimentation Pollution Control Act of 1973." (1973, c. 392, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-51   Preamble
    The sedimentation of streams, lakes and other waters of this State constitutes a major pollution problem. Sedimentation occurs from the erosion or depositing of soil...
  • § 113A-52   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) Repealed by Session Laws 1973, c. 1417, s. 1. (1a) "Affiliate" has the same...
  • § 113A-52.01   Applicability of this Article
    This Article shall not apply to the following land‑disturbing activities: (1) Activities, including the breeding and grazing of livestock, undertaken on agricultural land for the...
  • § 113A-52.1   Forest Practice Guidelines
    (a) The Department shall adopt Forest Practice Guidelines Related to Water Quality (best management practices). The adoption of Forest Practices Guidelines Related to Water Quality...
  • § 113A-53   Repealed by Session Laws 1973, c. 1262, s. 41
  • § 113A-54   Powers and duties of the Commission
    (a) The Commission shall, in cooperation with the Secretary of Transportation and other appropriate State and federal agencies, develop, promulgate, publicize, and administer a comprehensive...
  • § 113A-54.1   Approval of erosion control plans
    (a) A draft erosion and sedimentation control plan must contain the applicant's address and, if the applicant is not a resident of North Carolina, designate...
  • § 113A-54.2   Approval Fees
    (a) An application fee of sixty‑five dollars ($65.00) per acre of disturbed land shown on an erosion and sedimentation control plan or of land actually...
  • § 113A-55   Authority of the Secretary
    The sedimentation control program developed by the Commission shall be administered by the Secretary under the direction of the Commission. To this end the Secretary...
  • § 113A-56   Jurisdiction of the Commission
    (a) The Commission shall have jurisdiction, to the exclusion of local governments, to adopt rules concerning land‑disturbing activities that are: (1) Conducted by the State....
  • § 113A-57   Mandatory standards for land-disturbing activity
    No land‑disturbing activity subject to this Article shall be undertaken except in accordance with the following mandatory requirements: (1) No land‑disturbing activity during periods of...
  • § 113A-58   Enforcement authority of the Commission
    In implementing the provisions of this Article the Commission is authorized and directed to: (1) Inspect or cause to be inspected the sites of land‑disturbing...
  • § 113A-59   Educational activities
    The Commission in conjunction with the soil and water conservation districts, the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service, and other appropriate State and federal agencies shall...
  • § 113A-60   Local erosion and sedimentation control programs
    (a) A local government may submit to the Commission for its approval an erosion and sedimentation control program for its jurisdiction, and to this end...
  • § 113A-61   Local approval of erosion and sedimentation control plans
    (a) For those land‑disturbing activities for which prior approval of an erosion and sedimentation control plan is required, the Commission may require that a local...
  • § 113A-61.1   Inspection of land-disturbing activity; notice of violation
    (a) The Commission, a local government that administers an erosion and sedimentation control program approved under G.S. 113A‑60, or other approving authority shall provide for...
  • § 113A-62   Cooperation with the United States
    The Commission is authorized to cooperate and enter into agreements with any agency of the United States government in connection with plans for erosion and...
  • § 113A-63   Financial and other assistance
    The Commission and local governments are authorized to receive from federal, State, and other public and private sources financial, technical, and other assistance for use...
  • § 113A-64   Penalties
    (a) Civil Penalties. (1) Any person who violates any of the provisions of this Article or any ordinance, rule, or order adopted or issued pursuant...
  • § 113A-64.1   Restoration of areas affected by failure to comply
    The Secretary or a local government that administers a local erosion and sedimentation control program approved under G.S. 113A‑60 may require a person who engaged...
  • § 113A-65   Injunctive relief
    (a) Violation of State Program. Whenever the Secretary has reasonable cause to believe that any person is violating or is threatening to violate the requirements...
  • § 113A-65.1   Stop-work orders
    (a) The Secretary may issue a stop‑work order if he finds that a land‑disturbing activity is being conducted in violation of this Article or of...
  • § 113A-66   Civil relief
    (a) Any person injured by a violation of this Article or any ordinance, rule, or order duly adopted by the Secretary or a local government,...
  • § 113A-67   Annual Report
    The Department shall report to the Environmental Review Commission on the implementation of this Article on or before 1 October of each year. The Department...
  • § 113A-68   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 113A-69   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 113A-70   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 113A-71   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 5 - North Carolina Appalachian Trails System Act.

Article 6 - North Carolina Trails System.

  • § 113A-83   Short title
    This Article shall be known and may be cited as the "North Carolina Trails System Act." (1973, c. 670, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-84   Declaration of policy and purpose
    (a) In order to provide for the ever‑increasing outdoor recreation needs of an expanded population and in order to promote public access to, travel within,...
  • § 113A-85   Definitions
    Except as otherwise required by context, the following terms when used in this Article shall be construed respectively to mean: (1) "Department" means the North...
  • § 113A-86   Composition of State trails system
    The State trails system shall be composed of designated: (1) State scenic trails, which are defined as extended trails so located as to provide maximum...
  • § 113A-87   Authority to designate trails
    The Department may establish and designate trails on: (1) Lands administered by the Department, (2) Lands under the jurisdiction of a State department, political subdivision,...
  • § 113A-87.1   Use of State land for bicycling; creation of trails by volunteers
    (a) Any land held in fee simple by this State, any agency of this State, or any land purchased or leased with funds provided by...
  • § 113A-88   North Carolina Trails Committee; composition; meetings and functions
    (a) Repealed by Session Laws 1973, c. 1262, s. 82. (b) The Committee shall meet in various sections of the State not less than two...
  • § 113A-89   Location of trails
    The process of locating routes of designated trails to be added to the system shall be as follows: For State scenic trails, the Secretary or...
  • § 113A-90   Scenic easements within right-of-way
    Within the boundaries of the right‑of‑way, the Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Administration may acquire, on behalf of the State of North Carolina,...
  • § 113A-91   Trails within parks; conflict of laws
    Any component of the System that is or shall become a part of any State park, recreation area, wildlife management area, or similar area shall...
  • § 113A-92   Uniform trail markers
    The Department, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish a uniform marker for trails contained in the System. An additional appropriate symbol characterizing specific trails...
  • § 113A-92.1   Adopt-A-Trail Program
    The Department shall establish an Adopt‑A‑Trail Program to coordinate with the Trails Committee and local groups or persons on trail development and maintenance. Local involvement...
  • § 113A-93   Administrative policy
    The North Carolina Trails System shall be administered by the Department according to the policies and criteria set forth in this Article. The Department shall,...
  • § 113A-94   Incorporation in National Trails System
    Nothing in this Article shall preclude a component of the State Trails System from becoming a part of the National Trails System. The Secretary shall...
  • § 113A-95   Trail use liability
    (a) Any person, as an owner, lessee, occupant, or otherwise in control of land, who allows without compensation another person to use the land for...
  • § 113A-96 through 113A-99   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 7 - Coastal Area Management.

  • § 113A-100   Short title
    This Article shall be known as the Coastal Area Management Act of 1974. (1973, c. 1284, s. 1; 1975, c. 452, s. 5; 1981, c....
  • § 113A-101   Cooperative State-local program
    This Article establishes a cooperative program of coastal area management between local and State governments. Local government shall have the initiative for planning. State government...
  • § 113A-102   Legislative findings and goals
    (a) Findings. It is hereby determined and declared as a matter of legislative finding that among North Carolina's most valuable resources are its coastal lands...
  • § 113A-103   Definitions
    As used in this Article: (1) "Advisory Council" means the Coastal Resources Advisory Council created by G.S. 113A‑105. (1a) "Boat" means a vessel or watercraft...
  • § 113A-104   Coastal Resources Commission
    (a) Established. The General Assembly hereby establishes within the Department of Environment and Natural Resources a commission to be designated the Coastal Resources Commission. (b)...
  • § 113A-105   Coastal Resources Advisory Council
    (a) Creation. There is hereby created and established a council to be known as the Coastal Resources Advisory Council. (b) The Coastal Resources Advisory Council...
  • § 113A-106   Scope of planning processes
    Planning processes covered by this Article include the development and adoption of State guidelines for the coastal area and the development and adoption of a...
  • § 113A-106.1   Adoption of Coastal Habitat Protection Plans
    The Commission shall approve Coastal Habitat Protection Plans as provided in G.S. 143B‑279.8. (1997‑400, s. 3.3.)
  • § 113A-107   State guidelines for the coastal area
    (a) State guidelines for the coastal area shall consist of statements of objectives, policies, and standards to be followed in public and private use of...
  • § 113A-108   Effect of State guidelines
    All local land‑use plans adopted pursuant to this Article within the coastal area shall be consistent with the State guidelines. No permit shall be issued...
  • § 113A-109   County letter of intent; timetable for preparation of land-use plan
    Within 120 days after July 1, 1974, each county within the coastal area shall submit to the Commission a written statement of its intent to...
  • § 113A-110   Land-use plans
    (a) A land‑use plan for a county shall, for the purpose of this Article, consist of statements of objectives, policies, and standards to be followed...
  • § 113A-111   Effect of land-use plan
    No permit shall be issued under Part 4 of this Article for development which is inconsistent with the approved land‑use plan for the county in...
  • § 113A-112   Planning grants
    The Secretary is authorized to make grants to local governmental units for the purpose of assisting in the development of local plans and management programs...
  • § 113A-113   Areas of environmental concern; in general
    (a) The Coastal Resources Commission shall by rule designate geographic areas of the coastal area as areas of environmental concern and specify the boundaries thereof,...
  • § 113A-114   Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 518, s. 2, effective June 13, 1983
  • § 113A-115   Designation of areas of environmental concern
    (a) Prior to adopting any rule permanently designating any area of environmental concern the Secretary and the Commission shall hold a public hearing in each...
  • § 113A-115.1   Limitations on erosion control structures
    (a) As used in this section: (1) "Erosion control structure" means a breakwater, bulkhead, groin, jetty, revetment, seawall, or any similar structure. (2) "Ocean shoreline"...
  • § 113A-116   Local government letter of intent
    Within two years after July 1, 1974, each county and city within the coastal area shall submit to the Commission a written statement of its...
  • § 113A-117   Implementation and enforcement programs
    (a) The Secretary shall develop and present to the Commission for consideration and to all cities and counties and lead regional organizations within the coastal...
  • § 113A-118   Permit required
    (a) After the date designated by the Secretary pursuant to G.S. 113A‑125, every person before undertaking any development in any area of environmental concern shall...
  • § 113A-118.1   General permits
    (a) The Commission may, by rule, designate certain classes of major and minor development for which a general or blanket permit may be issued. In...
  • § 113A-118.2   Development in Primary Nursery Areas and Outstanding Resource Waters areas of environmental concern
    Public notice, opportunity for public comment, and agency review shall be required for all development within the Primary Nursery Areas or Outstanding Resource Waters areas...
  • § 113A-119   Permit applications generally
    (a) Any person required to obtain a permit under this Part shall file with the Secretary and (in the case of a permit sought from...
  • § 113A-119.1   Permit fees
    (a) The Commission shall have the power to establish a graduated fee schedule for the processing of applications for permits, renewals of permits, modifications of...
  • § 113A-120   Grant or denial of permits
    (a) The responsible official or body shall deny an application for a permit upon finding: (1) In the case of coastal wetlands, that the development...
  • § 113A-120.1   Variances
    (a) Any person may petition the Commission for a variance granting permission to use the person's land in a manner otherwise prohibited by rules or...
  • § 113A-120.2   Expired
  • § 113A-121   Permits for minor developments under expedited procedures
    (a) Applications for permits for minor developments shall be expeditiously processed so as to enable their promptest feasible disposition. (b) In cities and counties that...
  • § 113A-121.1   Administrative review of permit decisions
    (a) An applicant for a minor or major development permit who is dissatisfied with the decision on his application may file a petition for a...
  • § 113A-122   Procedures for hearings on permit decisions
    (a) Repealed by Session Laws 1987, c. 827, s. 140. (b) The following provisions shall be applicable in connection with hearings pursuant to this section:...
  • § 113A-123   Judicial review
    (a) Any person directly affected by any final decision or order of the Commission under this Part may appeal such decision or order to the...
  • § 113A-124   Additional powers and duties
    (a) The Secretary shall have the following additional powers and duties under this Article: (1) To conduct or cause to be conducted, investigations of proposed...
  • § 113A-125   Transitional provisions
    (a) Existing regulatory permits shall continue to be administered within the coastal area by the agencies presently responsible for their administration until a date (not...
  • § 113A-126   Injunctive relief and penalties
    (a) Upon violation of any of the provisions of this Article or of any rule or order adopted under the authority of this Article the...
  • § 113A-127   Coordination with the federal government
    All State agencies shall keep informed of federal and interstate agency plans, activities, and procedures within their area of expertise that affect the coastal area....
  • § 113A-128   Protection of landowners' rights
    Nothing in this Article authorizes any governmental agency to adopt a rule or issue any order that constitutes a taking of property in violation of...
  • § 113A-129   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 113A-129.1   Legislative Findings and Purposes
    (a) Findings. It is hereby determined and declared as a matter of legislative finding that the coastal area of North Carolina contains a number of...
  • § 113A-129.2   Coastal Reserve Program
    (a) There is hereby created a North Carolina Coastal Reserve System for the purpose of acquiring, improving, and maintaining undeveloped coastal land and water areas...
  • § 113A-129.3   Coordination
    (a) To the extent feasible, this system shall be carried out in coordination with the National Estuarine Reserve Research System established by 16 U.S.C. 1461....
  • § 113A-130 through 113A-134   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 113A-134.1   Legislative findings
    (a) The General Assembly finds that there are many privately owned lots or tracts of land in close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the...
  • § 113A-134.2   Creation of program; administration; purpose; definitions
    (a) There is created the Public Beach and Coastal Waterfront Access Program, to be administered by the Commission and the Department, for the purpose of...
  • § 113A-134.3   Standards for public access program
    (a) The Commission, with the support of the Department, shall establish and carry out a program to assure the acquisition, improvement, and maintenance of a...
  • § 113A-134.4 through 113A-134.9   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 7B - Bogue Inlet Access Program.

Article 7C - Beach Management Plan.

Article 8 - North Carolina Land Conservancy Corporation.

Article 9 - Land Policy Act.

  • § 113A-150   Short title
    This Article shall be known as the Land Policy Act of 1974. (1973, c. 1306, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-151   Findings, intent and purpose
    (a) Findings. The General Assembly hereby finds that: (1) The land of North Carolina is a resource basic to the welfare of her people. (2)...
  • § 113A-152   Definitions
    Unless the context otherwise requires, the following terms as used in this Article are defined as follows: (1) "Areas of environmental concern" means: those areas...
  • § 113A-153   North Carolina Land Policy Council
    (a), (b) Repealed by Session Laws 1981, c. 881, s. 3. (c) Duties. (1) To assemble and analyze significant existing laws, policies and programs in...
  • § 113A-154   Repealed by Session Laws 1981, c. 881, s. 3
  • § 113A-155   State land policy
    (a) Content. The State land policy of North Carolina shall consist of the following: (1) Consistent, comprehensive, and coordinated principles, guidelines, and methods for the...
  • § 113A-156   State land classification system
    (a) Purpose. Within two years following July 1, 1974, the North Carolina Land Policy Council shall develop a State land classification system, which shall include...
  • § 113A-157   Repealed by Session Laws 1981, c. 881, s. 3
  • § 113A-158   Protection of rights
    Nothing in this Article authorizes any governmental agency to adopt a rule or issue any order that constitutes a taking of property in violation of...
  • § 113A-159   Interpretation
    It is the intention of the General Assembly that this Article be interpreted consistently with, and administered in coordination with, the Coastal Area Management Act...
  • § 113A-160 through 113A-164   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 9A - Nature Preserves Act.

  • § 113A-164.1   Short title
    This Article shall be known as the Nature Preserves Act. (1985, c. 216, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-164.2   Declaration of policy and purpose
    (a) The continued population growth and land development in North Carolina have made it necessary and desirable that areas of natural significance be identified and...
  • § 113A-164.3   Definitions
    As used in this Article, unless the context requires otherwise: (1) "Articles of dedication" means the writing by which any estate, interest, or right in...
  • § 113A-164.4   Powers and duties of the Secretary
    The Secretary shall: (1) Establish by rule the criteria for selection, registration, and dedication of natural areas and nature preserves. (2) Cooperate or contract with...
  • § 113A-164.5   Registration of natural areas
    (a) The Secretary shall maintain a State Registry of voluntarily protected natural areas to be called the North Carolina Registry of Natural Heritage Areas. Registration...
  • § 113A-164.6   Dedication of nature preserves
    (a) The State may accept the dedication of nature preserves on lands deemed by the Secretary to qualify as outstanding natural areas. Nature preserves may...
  • § 113A-164.7   Nature preserves held in trust
    Lands dedicated for nature preserves pursuant to this Article are held in trust by the State for those uses and purposes expressed in this Article...
  • § 113A-164.8   Dedication of state-owned lands to nature preserves; procedures
    Subject to the approval of the Governor and Council of State, state‑owned lands may be dedicated as a nature preserve. State‑owned lands shall be dedicated...
  • § 113A-164.9   Dedication of preserves by local governmental units
    All local units of government may dedicate lands as nature preserves by transfer of fee simple title or other interest in land to the State....
  • § 113A-164.10   Acquisition of land by State
    All acquisitions or dispositions of an interest in land by the State pursuant to this Article shall be subject to the provisions of Chapter 146...
  • § 113A-164.11   Assessment of land subject to permanent dedication agreement
    For purposes of taxation, privately owned land subject to a nature preserve dedication agreement shall be assessed on the basis of the true value of...

Article 10 - Control of Outdoor Advertising near the Blue Ridge Parkway.

  • § 113A-165   Advertisements prohibited within 1,000 feet of centerline; exceptions
    No advertisement or advertising structure shall be erected, constructed, installed, maintained or operated within 1,000 feet of the centerline of the Blue Ridge Parkway, except...
  • § 113A-166   Rules
    The Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources may adopt rules needed to implement this Article. (1975, c. 385; 1977, c. 771, s. 4; 1987, c....
  • § 113A-167   Existing billboards
    Any billboard in existence upon May 26, 1975, and which does not conform to the requirements of this Article may be maintained for the life...
  • § 113A-168   Removal, etc., of unlawful advertising
    Any outdoor advertising erected or established after May 26, 1975, in violation of the provisions of this Article shall be unlawful and shall constitute a...
  • § 113A-169   Condemnation procedure
    For the purposes of this Article, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources shall use the procedure for condemnation of property as provided for by...
  • § 113A-170   Violation a misdemeanor; injunctive relief
    Any person, firm, corporation or association placing or erecting outdoor advertising structure or junkyard along the Blue Ridge Parkway in violation of this Article or...
  • § 113A-171 through 113A-175   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 11 - Forest Development Act.

  • § 113A-176   Title
    This Article shall be known as the "Forest Development Act." (1977, c. 562, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-177   Statement of purpose
    (a) The General Assembly finds that: (1) It is in the public interest of the State to encourage the development of the State's forest resources...
  • § 113A-178   Definitions
    As used in this Article: (1) "Approved forest management plan" means the forest management plan submitted by the eligible landowner and approved by the Secretary....
  • § 113A-179   Powers and duties
    (a) The Secretary shall have the powers and duties to administer the provisions of this Article. (b) The Department shall serve as the disbursing agency...
  • § 113A-180   Administration of cost sharing
    The Secretary shall have authority to administer the cost sharing provisions of this Article, including but not limited to the following: (1) Prescribe the manner...
  • § 113A-180.1   Cost-share agreements
    (a) In order to receive forest development cost‑share payments, an eligible landowner shall enter into a written agreement with the Department describing the eligible land,...
  • § 113A-181   Limitation of payments
    (a) An eligible landowner may receive forest development cost sharing payments for satisfactory completion of approved practices as determined by the Secretary, except that the...
  • § 113A-182   Participation by government political subdivisions
    No governmental agency, federal, State or local, will be eligible for forest development payments under the provision of this Article. (1977, c. 562, s. 7.)
  • § 113A-183   Forest Development Fund
    (a) The Forest Development Fund is created in the Department of Environment and Natural Resources as a special fund. Revenue in the Fund does not...
  • § 113A-184 through 113A-188   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 12 - Primary Forest Product Assessment Act.

  • § 113A-189   Short title
    This Article shall be known as the Primary Forest Product Assessment Act. (1977, c. 573, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-190   Statement of purpose
    (a) The purpose of this Article is to create an assessment on primary forest products processed from North Carolina timber to provide a source of...
  • § 113A-191   Definitions
    The following words, terms and phrases hereinafter used for the purpose of this Article are defined as follows: (1) "Primary forest product" shall include those...
  • § 113A-192   Operation of assessment system
    (a) The General Assembly hereby levies an assessment on all primary forest products harvested from lands within the State of North Carolina. (b) This assessment...
  • § 113A-193   Duties of Secretaries
    (a) The Secretary, Department of Revenue, shall: (1) Develop the necessary administrative procedures to collect the assessment; (2) Collect the assessment from the primary forest...
  • § 113A-194   Assessment rates
    (a) The assessment rates shall be based on the following standards: (1) For primary forest products customarily measured in board feet, the "International 1/4 Inch...
  • § 113A-195   Collection of assessment
    (a) The assessment shall be levied against the processor of the primary forest product. (b) The assessment shall be submitted on a quarterly basis of...
  • § 113A-196   Enforcement of collection
    The Secretary of Revenue shall enforce collection of the primary forest product assessment in accordance with the remedies and procedures contained in Article 9 of...
  • § 113A-197 through 113A-201   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 13 - Toxic Substances Task Force and Incident Response Procedures.

Article 14 - Mountain Ridge Protection.

  • § 113A-205   Short title
    This Article shall be known as the Mountain Ridge Protection Act of 1983. (1983, c. 676, s. 1.)
  • § 113A-206   Definitions
    Within the meaning of this Article: (1) The word "person" includes any individual, partnership, firm, association, joint venture, public or private corporation, trust, estate, commission,...
  • § 113A-207   Legislative findings
    The construction of tall or major buildings and structures on the ridges and higher elevations of North Carolina's mountains in an inappropriate or badly designed...
  • § 113A-208   Regulation of mountain ridge construction by counties and cities
    (a) Any county or city may adopt, effective not later than January 1, 1984, and may enforce an ordinance that regulates the construction of tall...
  • § 113A-209   Certain buildings prohibited
    (a) This section applies beginning January 1, 1984, in any county or city that has failed to adopt a ridge protection ordinance pursuant to G.S....
  • § 113A-210   Application to existing buildings
    General Statutes 113A‑208 and 113A‑209 apply to buildings that existed upon the effective date of this Article as follows: (1) No reconstruction, alteration or expansion...
  • § 113A-211   Enforcement and penalties
    (a) Violations of this Article shall be subject to the same criminal sanctions, civil penalties and equitable remedies as violations of county ordinances under G.S....
  • § 113A-212   Assistance to counties and cities under ridge law
    (a) The Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources shall provide assistance upon request to the counties and cities in carrying out their functions pursuant to...
  • § 113A-213   Article is supplemental
    This Article provides a supplemental source of authority in addition to other present or future legislation and shall not be construed as prescribing an exclusive...
  • § 113A-214   Choosing coverage or removal from coverage of this Article
    (a) This Article shall apply in all counties and cities unless and until the jurisdiction adopts an ordinance exempting itself from the coverage of this...
  • § 113A-215 through 113A-219   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 15 - Aquatic Weed Control.

  • § 113A-220   Short title
    This Article shall be known as the Aquatic Weed Control Act of 1991. (1991, c. 132.)
  • § 113A-221   Definitions
    Unless a different meaning is required by the context, the following definitions shall apply throughout this Article: (1) "Department" means the Department of Environment and...
  • § 113A-222   Designation of noxious aquatic weeds
    (a) The Secretary, after consultation with the Director of the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service, the Wildlife Resources Commission, and the Marine Fisheries Commission, and...
  • § 113A-223   Powers and duties of the Secretary
    (a) The Secretary shall direct the control, eradication, and regulation of noxious aquatic weeds so as to protect and preserve human health, safety, and the...
  • § 113A-224   Powers of the Commissioner of Agriculture
    (a) The Commissioner of Agriculture may regulate the importation, sale, use, culture, collection, transportation, and distribution of a noxious aquatic weed as a plant pest...
  • § 113A-225   Responsibilities of other State agencies
    All State agencies shall cooperate with the Secretary to assist in the implementation of this Article. (1991, c. 132.)
  • § 113A-226   Enforcement
    (a) Any person who violates this Article or any rule adopted pursuant to this Article shall be guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor for each...
  • § 113A-227   Adoption of rules
    The Secretary may adopt rules necessary to implement the provisions of this Article pursuant to Chapter 150B of the General Statutes. (1991, c. 132.)
  • § 113A-228   Reserved for future codification purposes
  • § 113A-229   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 16 - Conservation Easements Program.

  • § 113A-230   Legislative findings; intent
    The General Assembly finds that a statewide network of protected natural areas, riparian buffers, and greenways can best be accomplished through a conservation easements program....
  • § 113A-231   Program to accomplish conservation purposes
    The Department of Environment and Natural Resources shall develop a nonregulatory program that uses conservation tax credits as a prominent tool to accomplish conservation purposes,...
  • § 113A-232   Conservation Grant Fund
    (a) Fund Created. The Conservation Grant Fund is created within the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. The Fund shall be administered by the Department....
  • § 113A-233   Uses of a grant from the Conservation Grant Fund
    (a) Allowable Uses. A grant from the Conservation Grant Fund may be used only to pay for one or more of the following costs: (1)...
  • § 113A-234   Administration of grants
    (a) Grant Procedures and Criteria. The Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources shall establish the procedures and criteria for awarding grants from the Conservation Grant...
  • § 113A-235   Conservation easements
    (a) Acquisition and Protection of Conservation Easements. Ecological systems and appropriate public use of these systems may be protected through conservation easements, including conservation agreements...
  • § 113A-236 through 113A-239   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 17 - Conservation, Farmland, And Open Space Protection And Coordination.

  • § 113A-240   Intent
    (a) It is the intent of the General Assembly to continue to support and accelerate the State's programs of land conservation and protection, to find...
  • § 113A-241   State to Preserve One Million Acres; Annual Report
    (a) The State of North Carolina shall encourage, facilitate, plan, coordinate, and support appropriate federal, State, local, and private land protection efforts so that an...
  • § 113A-242 through 113A-250   Reserved for future codification purposes

Article 18 - Clean Water Management Trust Fund.