New York Laws > Vehicle and Traffic > Alcohol And Drug-related Offenses And Procedures Applicable Thereto > Arrest And Testing.


 
    § 1194. Arrest  and  testing. 1. Arrest and field testing. (a) Arrest.
  Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of  section  140.10  of  the  criminal
  procedure law, a police officer may, without a warrant, arrest a person,
  in  case  of  a  violation  of subdivision one of section eleven hundred
  ninety-two of this  article,  if  such  violation  is  coupled  with  an
  accident  or  collision  in which such person is involved, which in fact
  has been committed, though not in the police  officer's  presence,  when
  the  officer  has  reasonable  cause  to  believe that the violation was
  committed by such person.
    (b) Field testing. Every person operating a motor  vehicle  which  has
  been involved in an accident or which is operated in violation of any of
  the  provisions  of  this  chapter  shall,  at  the  request of a police
  officer, submit to a breath  test  to  be  administered  by  the  police
  officer. If such test indicates that such operator has consumed alcohol,
  the  police  officer  may  request such operator to submit to a chemical
  test in the manner set forth in subdivision two of this section.
    2. Chemical tests. (a) When authorized.  Any  person  who  operates  a
  motor  vehicle  in this state shall be deemed to have given consent to a
  chemical test of one or more of the following: breath, blood, urine,  or
  saliva, for the purpose of determining the alcoholic and/or drug content
  of  the  blood  provided  that  such  test  is administered by or at the
  direction of a police officer with respect to a chemical test of breath,
  urine or saliva or, with respect to a chemical test  of  blood,  at  the
  direction of a police officer:
    (1)  having  reasonable  grounds  to  believe such person to have been
  operating in violation of any  subdivision  of  section  eleven  hundred
  ninety-two  of  this  article and within two hours after such person has
  been placed under arrest for any such violation;  or  having  reasonable
  grounds  to  believe  such person to have been operating in violation of
  section eleven hundred ninety-two-a of this article and within two hours
  after the stop of such person for any such violation,
    (2) within two hours after a breath test, as provided in paragraph (b)
  of subdivision one of this section,  indicates  that  alcohol  has  been
  consumed by such person and in accordance with the rules and regulations
  established by the police force of which the officer is a member;
    (3)  for  the  purposes  of  this  paragraph,  "reasonable grounds" to
  believe that a person has been operating a motor  vehicle  after  having
  consumed  alcohol in violation of section eleven hundred ninety-two-a of
  this  article  shall  be  determined  by   viewing   the   totality   of
  circumstances  surrounding  the  incident  which,  when  taken together,
  indicate that the operator was driving in violation of such subdivision.
  Such circumstances may include any visible or behavioral  indication  of
  alcohol  consumption by the operator, the existence of an open container
  containing or having contained an alcoholic beverage in  or  around  the
  vehicle  driven  by  the operator, or any other evidence surrounding the
  circumstances of the incident which indicates that the operator has been
  operating a motor vehicle after having consumed alcohol at the  time  of
  the incident; or
    (4)  notwithstanding  any  other  provision of law to the contrary, no
  person under the age of twenty-one shall  be  arrested  for  an  alleged
  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two-a  of  this article.
  However, a person under the age of twenty-one for whom a  chemical  test
  is  authorized pursuant to this paragraph may be temporarily detained by
  the police solely for the purpose of requesting  or  administering  such
  chemical  test  whenever  arrest  without  a warrant for a petty offense
  would be authorized in accordance with the provisions of section  140.10
  of  the  criminal  procedure  law or paragraph (a) of subdivision one of
  this section.
    (b) Report of refusal. (1) If: (A)  such  person  having  been  placed
  under  arrest;  or  (B)  after  a  breath test indicates the presence of
  alcohol in the person's system; or (C) with regard to a person under the
  age of twenty-one, there are reasonable grounds  to  believe  that  such
  person  has been operating a motor vehicle after having consumed alcohol
  in violation of section eleven hundred ninety-two-a of this article; and
  having thereafter been requested to submit to  such  chemical  test  and
  having  been  informed  that the person's license or permit to drive and
  any non-resident operating privilege shall be immediately suspended  and
  subsequently  revoked, or, for operators under the age of twenty-one for
  whom there are reasonable grounds to believe that such operator has been
  operating a motor vehicle after having consumed alcohol in violation  of
  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two-a of this article, shall be revoked
  for refusal to submit to such chemical  test  or  any  portion  thereof,
  whether  or  not the person is found guilty of the charge for which such
  person is arrested or detained, refuses to submit to such chemical  test
  or  any  portion thereof, unless a court order has been granted pursuant
  to subdivision three of this section, the test shall not be given and  a
  written  report  of such refusal shall be immediately made by the police
  officer before whom such refusal was made. Such report may  be  verified
  by  having  the  report  sworn  to, or by affixing to such report a form
  notice that false statements made therein are punishable as  a  class  A
  misdemeanor  pursuant  to  section 210.45 of the penal law and such form
  notice together with the subscription of the deponent shall constitute a
  verification of the report.
    (2) The report of  the  police  officer  shall  set  forth  reasonable
  grounds  to  believe  such arrested person or such detained person under
  the age of twenty-one had been driving in violation of  any  subdivision
  of  section  eleven hundred ninety-two or eleven hundred ninety-two-a of
  this article, that said person had refused to submit  to  such  chemical
  test,  and  that  no  chemical  test  was  administered  pursuant to the
  requirements of subdivision three of this section. The report  shall  be
  presented to the court upon arraignment of an arrested person, provided,
  however, in the case of a person under the age of twenty-one, for whom a
  test  was  authorized  pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph two or
  three of paragraph (a) of this subdivision, and who has not been  placed
  under  arrest for a violation of any of the provisions of section eleven
  hundred ninety-two of this article, such report shall  be  forwarded  to
  the  commissioner  within forty-eight hours in a manner to be prescribed
  by the commissioner, and  all  subsequent  proceedings  with  regard  to
  refusal  to  submit to such chemical test by such person shall be as set
  forth in subdivision three of section eleven  hundred  ninety-four-a  of
  this article.
    (3) For persons placed under arrest for a violation of any subdivision
  of  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two of this article, the license or
  permit to drive and any non-resident operating privilege shall, upon the
  basis of such written report, be  temporarily  suspended  by  the  court
  without  notice  pending  the  determination of a hearing as provided in
  paragraph (c) of  this  subdivision.  Copies  of  such  report  must  be
  transmitted  by  the  court to the commissioner and such transmittal may
  not be waived even with the consent of  all  the  parties.  Such  report
  shall  be forwarded to the commissioner within forty-eight hours of such
  arraignment.
    (4) The court or the police officer, in the case of a person under the
  age of twenty-one alleged to be driving after having  consumed  alcohol,
  shall  provide such person with a scheduled hearing date, a waiver form,
  and such other information as may be required by the commissioner. If  a
  hearing,  as  provided  for  in  paragraph  (c)  of this subdivision, or
  subdivision three  of  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-four-a  of  this
  article,  is  waived  by such person, the commissioner shall immediately
  revoke the license, permit, or non-resident operating privilege,  as  of
  the  date of receipt of such waiver in accordance with the provisions of
  paragraph (d) of this subdivision.
    (c) Hearings. Any person whose license  or  permit  to  drive  or  any
  non-resident  driving privilege has been suspended pursuant to paragraph
  (b) of this subdivision is entitled to a hearing in  accordance  with  a
  hearing   schedule  to  be  promulgated  by  the  commissioner.  If  the
  department fails to provide for such hearing fifteen days after the date
  of the arraignment of the arrested person, the license, permit to  drive
  or  non-resident  operating privilege of such person shall be reinstated
  pending a hearing pursuant to this section. The hearing shall be limited
  to the following issues: (1) did  the  police  officer  have  reasonable
  grounds to believe that such person had been driving in violation of any
  subdivision  of  section  eleven hundred ninety-two of this article; (2)
  did the police officer make a lawful arrest of such person; (3) was such
  person given sufficient warning, in clear or unequivocal language, prior
  to such refusal that such refusal to submit to such chemical test or any
  portion thereof, would result in the immediate suspension and subsequent
  revocation of such person's license or operating  privilege  whether  or
  not  such  person is found guilty of the charge for which the arrest was
  made; and (4) did such person refuse to submit to such chemical test  or
  any portion thereof. If, after such hearing, the hearing officer, acting
  on  behalf  of  the commissioner, finds on any one of said issues in the
  negative, the hearing officer shall immediately terminate any suspension
  arising from such refusal. If, after such hearing, the hearing  officer,
  acting  on  behalf  of  the  commissioner finds all of the issues in the
  affirmative, such officer shall immediately revoke the license or permit
  to drive or any non-resident operating privilege in accordance with  the
  provisions  of paragraph (d) of this subdivision. A person who has had a
  license or permit to drive or non-resident operating privilege suspended
  or revoked pursuant to this subdivision may appeal the findings  of  the
  hearing  officer in accordance with the provisions of article three-A of
  this chapter. Any person may waive the right to  a  hearing  under  this
  section.  Failure  by  such  person  to appear for the scheduled hearing
  shall constitute a waiver of such hearing, provided, however, that  such
  person  may  petition  the commissioner for a new hearing which shall be
  held as soon as practicable.
    (d) Sanctions. (1) Revocations. a. Any license which has been  revoked
  pursuant  to paragraph (c) of this subdivision shall not be restored for
  at least six months after such revocation, nor thereafter, except in the
  discretion of the  commissioner.  However,  no  such  license  shall  be
  restored  for  at  least  one year after such revocation, nor thereafter
  except in the discretion of the commissioner,  in  any  case  where  the
  person  has had a prior revocation resulting from refusal to submit to a
  chemical test, or has been convicted of or found to be in  violation  of
  any  subdivision  of section eleven hundred ninety-two or section eleven
  hundred ninety-two-a of  this  article  not  arising  out  of  the  same
  incident,  within  the five years immediately preceding the date of such
  revocation; provided, however, a prior finding that a person  under  the
  age  of  twenty-one has refused to submit to a chemical test pursuant to
  subdivision three  of  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-four-a  of  this
  article  shall  have  the  same  effect  as a prior finding of a refusal
  pursuant to this subdivision solely for the purpose of  determining  the
  length  of  any  license suspension or revocation required to be imposed
  under any provision  of  this  article,  provided  that  the  subsequent
  offense  or  refusal is committed or occurred prior to the expiration of
  the retention period for such prior refusal as set  forth  in  paragraph
  (k) of subdivision one of section two hundred one of this chapter.
    b.  Any  license  which  has been revoked pursuant to paragraph (c) of
  this subdivision or pursuant to  subdivision  three  of  section  eleven
  hundred  ninety-four-a  of  this article, where the holder was under the
  age of twenty-one years at the  time  of  such  refusal,  shall  not  be
  restored for at least one year, nor thereafter, except in the discretion
  of the commissioner. Where such person under the age of twenty-one years
  has  a  prior  finding,  conviction  or  youthful  offender adjudication
  resulting from a violation  of  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two  or
  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two-a of this article, not arising from
  the same incident, such license shall not be restored for at  least  one
  year or until such person reaches the age of twenty-one years, whichever
  is  the greater period of time, nor thereafter, except in the discretion
  of the commissioner.
    c. Any commercial driver's license which has been revoked pursuant  to
  paragraph  (c)  of  this  subdivision based upon a finding of refusal to
  submit to a chemical test, where such finding occurs within  or  outside
  of  this  state,  shall not be restored for at least one year after such
  revocation,  nor  thereafter,  except   in   the   discretion   of   the
  commissioner,  but  shall not be restored for at least three years after
  such revocation,  nor  thereafter,  except  in  the  discretion  of  the
  commissioner,  if  the holder of such license was operating a commercial
  motor vehicle transporting hazardous  materials  at  the  time  of  such
  refusal.  However,  such  person  shall be permanently disqualified from
  operating a commercial motor vehicle in any case where the holder has  a
  prior  finding  of refusal to submit to a chemical test pursuant to this
  section or has a prior conviction of any of the following offenses:  any
  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two of this article; any
  violation of subdivision one or two  of  section  six  hundred  of  this
  chapter;  or has a prior conviction of any felony involving the use of a
  motor vehicle pursuant to paragraph (a) of subdivision  one  of  section
  five  hundred  ten-a of this chapter. Provided that the commissioner may
  waive such permanent revocation after a period of ten years has  expired
  from such revocation provided:
    (i) that during such ten year period such person has not been found to
  have  refused  a chemical test pursuant to this section and has not been
  convicted of any one of the following offenses: any violation of section
  eleven hundred ninety-two of  this  article;  refusal  to  submit  to  a
  chemical test pursuant to this section; any violation of subdivision one
  or two of section six hundred of this chapter; or has a prior conviction
  of any felony involving the use of a motor vehicle pursuant to paragraph
  (a) of subdivision one of section five hundred ten-a of this chapter;
    (ii)  that  such  person  provides  acceptable  documentation  to  the
  commissioner that such  person  is  not  in  need  of  alcohol  or  drug
  treatment  or  has  satisfactorily completed a prescribed course of such
  treatment; and
    (iii) after such  documentation  is  accepted,  that  such  person  is
  granted  a  certificate  of  relief from disabilities as provided for in
  section seven hundred one of the correction law by the  court  in  which
  such person was last penalized.
    d.  Upon  a  third  finding of refusal and/or conviction of any of the
  offenses  which  require  a  permanent   commercial   driver's   license
  revocation,   such  permanent  revocation  may  not  be  waived  by  the
  commissioner under any circumstances.
    (2) Civil penalties. Except as otherwise provided,  any  person  whose
  license,  permit  to  drive,  or any non-resident operating privilege is
  revoked pursuant to the provisions of this section shall also be  liable
  for  a  civil penalty in the amount of three hundred dollars except that
  if such revocation is a second or subsequent revocation pursuant to this
  section issued within a five  year  period,  or  such  person  has  been
  convicted  of  a  violation of any subdivision of section eleven hundred
  ninety-two of this article within the past five years not arising out of
  the same incident, the civil penalty shall be in  the  amount  of  seven
  hundred  fifty  dollars. Any person whose license is revoked pursuant to
  the provisions of this section based upon a finding of refusal to submit
  to a chemical test while operating a commercial motor vehicle shall also
  be liable for a civil penalty of three hundred fifty dollars except that
  if such person has previously been found to have refused a chemical test
  pursuant to this section while operating a commercial motor  vehicle  or
  has  a prior conviction of any of the following offenses while operating
  a commercial motor vehicle: any  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred
  ninety-two  of this article; any violation of subdivision two of section
  six hundred of this chapter; or has a prior  conviction  of  any  felony
  involving  the  use  of a commercial motor vehicle pursuant to paragraph
  (a) of subdivision one of section five hundred ten-a  of  this  chapter,
  then  the  civil  penalty  shall  be seven hundred fifty dollars. No new
  driver's license or permit shall be issued,  or  non-resident  operating
  privilege restored to such person unless such penalty has been paid. All
  penalties collected by the department pursuant to the provisions of this
  section  shall  be  the property of the state and shall be paid into the
  general fund of the state treasury.
    (3) Effect of rehabilitation program. No period of revocation  arising
  out  of this section may be set aside by the commissioner for the reason
  that  such  person  was  a  participant  in   the   alcohol   and   drug
  rehabilitation program set forth in section eleven hundred ninety-six of
  this article.
    (e)  Regulations.  The  commissioner  shall  promulgate such rules and
  regulations  as  may  be  necessary  to  effectuate  the  provisions  of
  subdivisions one and two of this section.
    (f) Evidence. Evidence of a refusal to submit to such chemical test or
  any  portion  thereof  shall  be  admissible in any trial, proceeding or
  hearing based upon a violation  of  the  provisions  of  section  eleven
  hundred  ninety-two  of  this  article  but only upon a showing that the
  person was given sufficient warning, in clear and unequivocal  language,
  of  the  effect  of  such  refusal  and that the person persisted in the
  refusal.
    (g) Results. Upon the request  of  the  person  who  was  tested,  the
  results of such test shall be made available to such person.
    3.  Compulsory  chemical  tests.  (a)  Court  ordered  chemical tests.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision two of  this  section,  no
  person  who  operates a motor vehicle in this state may refuse to submit
  to a chemical test of one or more of the following: breath, blood, urine
  or saliva, for the purpose of  determining  the  alcoholic  and/or  drug
  content  of the blood when a court order for such chemical test has been
  issued in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision.
    (b) When authorized. Upon  refusal  by  any  person  to  submit  to  a
  chemical  test or any portion thereof as described above, the test shall
  not be given unless a police officer or a district attorney, as  defined
  in subdivision thirty-two of section 1.20 of the criminal procedure law,
  requests  and  obtains  a  court order to compel a person to submit to a
  chemical test to determine the alcoholic or drug content of the person's
  blood upon a finding of reasonable cause to believe that:
    (1) such person was the operator of a motor vehicle and in the  course
  of  such  operation  a  person  other  than  the  operator was killed or
  suffered serious physical injury as defined  in  section  10.00  of  the
  penal law; and
    (2)  a.  either  such  person operated the vehicle in violation of any
  subdivision of section eleven hundred ninety-two of this article, or
    b. a breath test administered by a police officer in  accordance  with
  paragraph  (b) of subdivision one of this section indicates that alcohol
  has been consumed by such person; and
    (3) such person has been placed under lawful arrest; and
    (4) such person has refused to  submit  to  a  chemical  test  or  any
  portion   thereof,  requested  in  accordance  with  the  provisions  of
  paragraph (a) of subdivision two of this section or is  unable  to  give
  consent to such a test.
    (c)  Reasonable cause; definition. For the purpose of this subdivision
  "reasonable cause" shall  be  determined  by  viewing  the  totality  of
  circumstances  surrounding  the  incident  which,  when  taken together,
  indicate that the operator was driving in violation  of  section  eleven
  hundred  ninety-two of this article. Such circumstances may include, but
  are not limited to: evidence that the operator  was  operating  a  motor
  vehicle  in  violation  of  any  provision  of this article or any other
  moving violation at the time of the incident; any visible indication  of
  alcohol or drug consumption or impairment by the operator; the existence
  of  an  open container containing an alcoholic beverage in or around the
  vehicle driven by the  operator;  any  other  evidence  surrounding  the
  circumstances of the incident which indicates that the operator has been
  operating  a  motor vehicle while impaired by the consumption of alcohol
  or drugs or intoxicated at the time of the incident.
    (d) Court order; procedure. (1) An application for a  court  order  to
  compel submission to a chemical test or any portion thereof, may be made
  to any supreme court justice, county court judge or district court judge
  in  the  judicial  district  in  which  the incident occurred, or if the
  incident occurred in the city of  New  York  before  any  supreme  court
  justice  or  judge  of  the criminal court of the city of New York. Such
  application may be communicated by telephone, radio or  other  means  of
  electronic communication, or in person.
    (2)  The  applicant  must provide identification by name and title and
  must state the purpose of the communication. Upon being advised that  an
  application for a court order to compel submission to a chemical test is
  being made, the court shall place under oath the applicant and any other
  person  providing  information in support of the application as provided
  in subparagraph three of this paragraph. After being sworn the applicant
  must state that the person from whom the chemical test was requested was
  the operator of a motor vehicle and in the course of  such  operation  a
  person,  other  than  the operator, has been killed or seriously injured
  and, based upon the totality of circumstances, there is reasonable cause
  to believe that such person was operating a motor vehicle  in  violation
  of  any subdivision of section eleven hundred ninety-two of this article
  and, after being placed under  lawful  arrest  such  person  refused  to
  submit to a chemical test or any portion thereof, in accordance with the
  provisions  of  this section or is unable to give consent to such a test
  or any portion thereof. The applicant must make specific allegations  of
  fact  to  support  such statement. Any other person properly identified,
  may present sworn allegations of fact  in  support  of  the  applicant's
  statement.
    (3)  Upon  being advised that an oral application for a court order to
  compel a person to submit to a chemical test is being made, a  judge  or
  justice  shall  place  under  oath  the  applicant  and any other person
  providing information in support of the application. Such oath or  oaths
  and all of the remaining communication must be recorded, either by means
  of  a  voice  recording  device  or  verbatim  stenographic  or verbatim
  longhand notes. If a voice recording device is used  or  a  stenographic
  record  made, the judge must have the record transcribed, certify to the
  accuracy   of  the  transcription  and  file  the  original  record  and
  transcription with the court within seventy-two hours of the issuance of
  the court order. If the  longhand  notes  are  taken,  the  judge  shall
  subscribe  a copy and file it with the court within twenty-four hours of
  the issuance of the order.
    (4) If the court is satisfied that the requirements for  the  issuance
  of  a  court  order  pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (b) of this
  subdivision have been met, it may grant the  application  and  issue  an
  order  requiring  the  accused to submit to a chemical test to determine
  the alcoholic  and/or  drug  content  of  his  blood  and  ordering  the
  withdrawal  of  a  blood  sample  in  accordance  with the provisions of
  paragraph (a) of subdivision four of  this  section.  When  a  judge  or
  justice  determines to issue an order to compel submission to a chemical
  test based on an oral application, the applicant therefor shall  prepare
  the  order  in accordance with the instructions of the judge or justice.
  In all cases the order shall include the name of the  issuing  judge  or
  justice, the name of the applicant, and the date and time it was issued.
  It must be signed by the judge or justice if issued in person, or by the
  applicant if issued orally.
    (5) Any false statement by an applicant or any other person in support
  of  an  application  for  a court order shall subject such person to the
  offenses for perjury set forth in article two hundred ten of  the  penal
  law.
    (6)  The  chief administrator of the courts shall establish a schedule
  to provide that a sufficient  number  of  judges  or  justices  will  be
  available  in each judicial district to hear oral applications for court
  orders as permitted by this section.
    (e) Administration  of  compulsory  chemical  test.  An  order  issued
  pursuant  to  the  provisions  of  this subdivision shall require that a
  chemical test to determine the alcoholic  and/or  drug  content  of  the
  operator's blood must be administered. The provisions of paragraphs (a),
  (b)  and  (c) of subdivision four of this section shall be applicable to
  any chemical test administered pursuant to this section.
    4. Testing procedures.  (a)  Persons  authorized  to  withdraw  blood;
  immunity;  testimony.  (1)  At  the  request  of  a  police officer, the
  following persons may withdraw blood for the purpose of determining  the
  alcoholic  or  drug  content  therein:  (i)  a  physician,  a registered
  professional nurse or a registered physician's assistant; or (ii)  under
  the  supervision  and  at  the  direction  of  a  physician:  a  medical
  laboratory technician or medical technologist  as  classified  by  civil
  service;  a  phlebotomist;  an  advanced emergency medical technician as
  certified  by  the  department  of  health;  or  a  medical   laboratory
  technician  or  medical  technologist  employed by a clinical laboratory
  approved under title five of article five of the public health law. This
  limitation shall not apply to the taking of a urine,  saliva  or  breath
  specimen.
    (2)  No person entitled to withdraw blood pursuant to subparagraph one
  of this paragraph or  hospital  employing  such  person,  and  no  other
  employer of such person shall be sued or held liable for any act done or
  omitted  in  the  course of withdrawing blood at the request of a police
  officer pursuant to this section.
    (3) Any person who may  have  a  cause  of  action  arising  from  the
  withdrawal of blood as aforesaid, for which no personal liability exists
  under  subparagraph  two  of  this  paragraph,  may maintain such action
  against the state if any person entitled to withdraw blood  pursuant  to
  paragraph  (a)  hereof acted at the request of a police officer employed
  by the state, or against the appropriate political  subdivision  of  the
  state  if  such person acted at the request of a police officer employed
  by  a  political subdivision of the state. No action shall be maintained
  pursuant to this subparagraph unless notice of claim is  duly  filed  or
  served in compliance with law.
    (4)  Notwithstanding  the  foregoing  provisions  of this paragraph an
  action may be maintained by the state or a political subdivision thereof
  against a person entitled to withdraw blood pursuant to subparagraph one
  of this paragraph or hospital employing such person  for  whose  act  or
  omission  the  state  or  the political subdivision has been held liable
  under this paragraph  to  recover  damages,  not  exceeding  the  amount
  awarded  to  the  claimant, that may have been sustained by the state or
  the political subdivision by reason of gross negligence or bad faith  on
  the part of such person.
    (5)  The  testimony  of any person other than a physician, entitled to
  withdraw blood pursuant  to  subparagraph  one  of  this  paragraph,  in
  respect  to  any  such  withdrawal  of  blood made by such person may be
  received in evidence with the same weight, force and effect as  if  such
  withdrawal of blood were made by a physician.
    (6)  The  provisions  of  subparagraphs  two,  three  and four of this
  paragraph shall also apply with regard  to  any  person  employed  by  a
  hospital as security personnel for any act done or omitted in the course
  of  withdrawing  blood  at the request of a police officer pursuant to a
  court order in accordance with subdivision three of this section.
    (b) Right to additional test. The person tested shall be permitted  to
  choose  a physician to administer a chemical test in addition to the one
  administered at the direction of the police officer.
    (c) Rules and regulations. The department of health  shall  issue  and
  file  rules and regulations approving satisfactory techniques or methods
  of conducting chemical analyses of a person's blood,  urine,  breath  or
  saliva and to ascertain the qualifications and competence of individuals
  to  conduct  and supervise chemical analyses of a person's blood, urine,
  breath or saliva. If the analyses were made by an individual  possessing
  a  permit  issued by the department of health, this shall be presumptive
  evidence that the examination was properly given. The provisions of this
  paragraph do not prohibit the introduction as evidence  of  an  analysis
  made  by an individual other than a person possessing a permit issued by
  the department of health.